The War of 1812 Andrew Jackson/William Harrison : The Ballad of a Kaleidoscope

The War of 1812 Andrew Jackson/William Harrison

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

"I know what I am fit for. I can command a body of men in a rough way; but I am not fit to be President." Andrew Jackson [1]

 

“Fresh from the backwoods, Half-horse, half alligator, a little touched with the snapping turtle; can wade the Mississippi, leap the Ohio, ride upon a streak of lighting, and slip without a scratch down a honey locust; can whip my weight in wild cats-hug a bear too close for comfort”. Davey Crockett self portrait[2]

 

Introduction

 

Andrew Jackson was a thought of as a tough Tennessee man. He dueled people who wronged him with guns. He fought his whole life. Jackson Perhaps was scraping, like he still had his brothers alive. He was trying to get all he can, to settle all his scores. Maybe, he wanted instant retribution, rather then delayed retribution; after his boyhood trauma with the British. He probably wanted scores settled now. How did the war affect Andrew Jackson and William Harrison? The answer to the question is simply. The War of 1812, should have been a good release for Andrew Jackson. He no longer had to avenge his family’s death. Most of his family died during the Revolution. William Harrison was also very tough, but he probably was more law abiding then Andrew Jackson. This is not a compare and contrast essay on Andrew Jackson and William Harrison, this is an informative paper on both men.[3]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Childhood

 

Andrew Jackson was an important man; which brought the present United States into existence. His military service began when he was only thirteen. He was messenger during American Revolution. He was captured and used as slave .One recorded time is when a British officer asked Andrew to shine his boots. Andrew refused and he got hurt by the British officer; his injuries were on his hand and face. He was later was put in a cell. Andrew and his brother got smallpox’s. Andrew and his brother got released; but his brother died real soon after getting home. Later his mother died while serving her country as a nurse. She died of probably a combination of Ship Fever or Cholera, or maybe Smallpox. Andrew’s father died when he was little. Andrew had little family left. Andrew Jackson had deep hatred of British for the rest of his life; these were the thing the drove this man to fight. At the start of War of 1812; Jackson life was not doing well.[4]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Temperament

 

His Scottish-Irish temper which was mainly used as a tool rather then an unpredictable sudden rash outburst; got him in trouble often; but his temper was his way, he got his message across.[5]

 

Dueling; which is ritual act of shooting a particular person from a distance, got Jackson into trouble. A man named Charles Dickson said something bad about his wife, who was in her second marriage. Dickson died from dueling with Jackson. Jackson carried ammunition inside his body due to his dueling, for the rest of his life.[6]

 

Andrew Jackson was Major General of Tennessee militia. In 1812, he was accepted into the regular army. He was sent with 1,500 troops to Natchez and then New Orleans. Jackson was not needed and ordered back by the War Department. He went back to Tennessee with no help from the government. In his traversing back; in woods his troops thought he was as tough has a Hickory tree; he was given the name “Old Hickory”. Tennesseans were glad to see their boys were home.

 

Jackson luck seemed to change; but a matter of poor judgment accrued. Jackson attitude made him jump in front of two fighting soldiers in Nashville. This action got Jackson’s upper left arm hurt.[7]

 

Andrew Jackson toward the Native Americans

 

In 1813, Jackson needed to do something to keep the Creek Nation under control, these were Native Americans. They were out of control at a place called Fort Mims, this is now Alabama. Jackson won many campaigns against the Indian, known as the Creeks. Jackson fought them in two places; Tallushatchee and Talladega. Jackson was still recovering from his upper left arm injury, he got in Nashville.[8]

 

Some of Jackson soldier’s time was up, and they were released from their term of service on time. Jackson’s Army got replacements of 5,000 troops.

 

The Creek War ended at Horseshoe bend, when the Creeks were overrun by Jackson’s forces. Jackson effort made Tennessee safer by building military roads and forts.[9]

 

1814 Jackson got the Creek Nation to sign a treaty called “The Treaty of Fort Jackson”. This treaty made the Creek move from 23 acres; to smaller land. This was done so the United States could move threw its territory better.[10]

 

Jackson’s intelligence gathered; they found out that New Orleans or Mobile was going to be attacked during the “War of 1812.” Major General Jackson acted with a since of hurry. He had to get Mobile defenses up. Jackson even attacked Spanish Florida. He probably had to do it; so the British could not get help; or use Spanish Florida for an escape like the Sioux Indian do.[11]

 

Andrew Jackson Rallying Troops

 

Jackson armies were a ragtag band of rebels consisting of soldiers from Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana and the Mississippi territory. It even consisted of pirates; one famous pirate was Jean Lafitte. Lafitte ran his own business; his own way. Lafitte gave three presidents problems. The British wanted his services but he chose the United States side; because he liked are Constitution. After soldering; he continued living life his way.

 

This outnumbered band had beaten the best army in world. Jackson used his own form of trench warfare, in “The Battle of Chalmette”; which is more known as “The Battle of New Orleans” .Jackson used psychological warfare; he used music in this battle; the song that was playing during the battle; was “Yankee Doodle Dandy”. The most official numbers of deaths for the British were 2,037; and the United States side was 13 killed and 39 wounded. This battle made him very well known for his ability to get his troops to hold their ground.[12]/[13]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Political Beginnings

 

Jackson continued his service in the Untied States Army. He saw Indians as a Homeland Security issues. He then spent his time consolidating the Nations of Creeks, Chickasaws and Cherokees and Choctaws , threw treaties. These Indian tribes were moved to smaller lands during Jackson’s talks with these tribes.[14]

 

Jackson’s attacked Florida for the second time. Spanish decides to sell Florida to United States. This deal; is a treaty known as”Adams Ohis Treaty”. In 1821 Jackson resigned his Military rank as Major General to become Governor of the Florida Territory. This was the start of his re-launching of his political career; which led to Jackson being the seventh president of the United States.[15]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Conclusion

 

The interruption of Andrew Jackson is, threw the Looking Glass, I saw the British and the Indians take everything I am. Andrew Jackson did not think of himself fit to be president. The duality of Jackson was he desired revenge. But when the he got revenge it was not a release he thought it should be. Like the bullet Jackson carried with him and the scar on his face and perhaps his arm bothered him. His physical pains could not be transcend, his emotional sufferings of the Revolution and The War of 1812, made life hard.Jackon’s Post Traumatic like symptoms led to much of his erratic behavior, because he thought it was right he did it. This is the measure of this man that made him the right man for the job. His physically suffering were outside sign of his inside suffering, hopefully, peace has found Jackson now.

 

William Harrison’s Beginnings

 

William was born in one of his families homes. Benjamin Harrison Father was a person who had pledged his sacred fortune for the rights of a free America, being a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Harrison started adulthood wanting to be a doctor. Harrison entered the service without talking to his family and guardians. Harrison worked in the Army as a recruiter he had eighty men under his commend. In the summer of 1797 he became Captain. William Harrison left the army life the first time in 1798.[16]/[17]

 

William Harrison’s Middle Life

 

Harrison left the military and returned to his farm were his sons and daughters lived and his beloved wife. Harrison became a war hero in the War of 1812. Harrison moved on from the military. He got into local politics and advocated for Militia reorganization and relief for veterans from 1816-1819.In 1831 until 1832 he was paying off his deceased sons debts, who died in previous years. Harrison became very ill during these years. William Harrison kept talking to all his friends and started the run for the presidency.15/[18]

 

William Harrison’s End of his life

 

In 1841 Harrison became Commander and Chief. Old Tippecanoe died after being in office for about a month. Harrison just hardly settled on his cabinet before the influenza knocked him dead. This was the end of the man who fought in The Battle of Tippecanoe, a hero of the War of 1812.[19]

 

William Harrison’s Conclusions

 

William Harrison did a lot for Indian rights during his political career, this gives historian the impression that he had not a mean streak against the Nations of Indigenous Americans that most American people seemed to have. It is interesting that William Harrison is not listed among the people in early history that fought for veteran’s right. It is a shame that he not listed with Abraham Lincoln, Omar Bradley and George Washington, fighting for veteran’s causes. Another curiosity, what was William Harrison plans. What if he had lived to finish a complete term as president? Harrison probably would have fought for less globalization. Harrison would have been an advocate for farmer’s rights. William Harrison may have established the right deal which would have helped veteran and other less fortunate people. William Harrison would have made a good on all his promises to the American people, just a life cut to short…[20]

 

Conclusions

 

In conclusions there is no compare and contrast between the two men. They both moved motivate their troops very different ways. Their political parties and politics views were very different, about the only thing to compare is they both became president. William Harrison seemed more likeable and more of a people person. Andrew Jackson was a keep to himself type man. What is good with America is the difference of leadership and how democracy is ever changing and evolving and revolving and becoming reborn. The permanent laws of lands are exactly what the United States will always need. The documents of the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution is perfect in its design, the phoenix government is ideal and perfect, and the Founding Fathers said” It was Good, and they rested”…

 

Work Cited

 

1) http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

2) http://www.americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=7, Author Unknown, C-Span 2005, National Cable Satellite Corporation.

 

3)http://www.course-notes.org/biographies/andrewjackson.htm, Author Unknown, AP Us Notes, 2003.

 

4)http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/nc/bio/public/jackson.htm#Revolution, Author unknown, Information Services Branch of the State Library of North Carolina, 2004.

 

5)http://www.sierratoysoldier.com/Battle%20of%20New%20Orleans.htm, Author Unknown, (2005).

 

6) http://www.gatewayno.com/history/Lafitte.html; De Grummond, Jane Lucas, The Baratararians and The Battle of New Orleans (1961).

 

7) http://www.crimelibrary.com/americana/lafitte/main.htm, Author unknown Courtroom Television Network (2005).

 

8) Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

9) David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[1] David Johnson, Presidential Quotes

 

Words from each American president,

 

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/presquotes1.html, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc

[2] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

[3] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[4] http://www.course-notes.org/biographies/andrewjackson.htm, Author Unknown, AP Us Notes, 2003.

 

[5] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[6] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[7] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[8] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[9] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[10] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[11] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[12] http://www.crimelibrary.com/americana/lafitte/main.htm, Author unknown Courtroom Television Network (2005).

 

[13] http://www.sierratoysoldier.com/Battle%20of%20New%20Orleans.htm, Author Unknown, (2005).

 

[14] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[15] http://www.gatewayno.com/history/Lafitte.html; De Grummond, Jane Lucas, The Baratararians and The Battle of New Orleans (1961).

 

[16] David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[17] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

[18] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

9David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[19] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,

 

1945

 

9David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[20] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

9 David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

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