Little to Big Happenings about the Boer War : The Ballad of a Kaleidoscope

Little to Big Happenings about the Boer War

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

 

Little to Big Happenings about the Boer War

 How people express themselves during war and peace is very different. The simplest gestures, keep a persons moral up in times of war and peace? The holidays they celebrate are not the same throughout Africa. Throughout the history of Africa it has seen many wars, what is written and what artifacts remain, may help prevent war from coming again. The artistic expression and documentation that comes out of war, is then priceless, since war takes many nation national treasures, in amounts no math major could really calculate.

 The Boers were Dutch farmers; they populated the Orange Free State and the Transvaal. The Boers traveled from Hinderland which was the south part of Africa. This journey is known as the “Great Trek”. The Boers spoke an Afrikaans language with a mixture of "kraal”. The Boers had a liberalism philosophy, but had firm Calvinism beliefs. The Boers compound Afrikaans languages were unique to their native village and cattle compound. The Uitlander where people who worked in gold mines and engineers and also entrepreneurs. They lived near the Witwatersrand in 1886, near the Transvaal, South Africa. Uitlander controlled Johannesburg and parts Transvaal, South Africa, mainly the mines. Cape Colony was started by the Dutch East India Company in 1652.The Cape Colony was important because it was the import and export area for trade in Southern Africa it was strategic in nature as it was along the water route ,if it was taken by anyone supplies would be cut off.3

 During the Second Boer War, in the start of the 20th century, the Queen of England was Queen Victoria. She prepared gifts for the British Armed Forces for Christmas. The gift was a chocolate tin, filled with CadBury Chocolates. The tins were made in a big size and a little size. The tins had a golden colored rim and were red and blue. The lid had on it Queen Victoria’s head and her insignia and a message that said “I wish you a Happy New Year”. The tin was signed Victoria. The tin was later used to carry personnel artifacts which were personnel to the British troops. Some tins were so special that some chocolates were uneaten. The makers of the chocolate were “Barclay and Fry” and also Barringer, Wallis and Manners and Rowntree and Hudson Scott. The Queen spent 3587.50 in British pounds this is 6,500 in American money. The time and money was well spent since the British won the war.

 The British had taken prisoners during the Boer War. These prisoners were not all Dutch settlers fighting in Africa. The 20,000 prisoner were dependent on the leaders of the camp to supply food and water and hygiene needs, while the prisoners stayed at the camp. Although the amount of prisoners kept growing some prisoners were captured in the battle of Elandslaagte and Paardeberg.

 The locations of these camps were in Bermuda and India and also Ceylon and St. Helena .The prisoner used art as a way to express themselves during their stay at these camps. The artistic items were used has a type of money system within the camps.2Some items were sold in local shops in Bermuda; the proceeds were given back to the prisoners of war

 The soldier made boxes and picture frames out of unused stuff they found on their walk and around camps. The prisoners made toys for their children also. Item with a snake on it was thought to mean the artist was a guerilla soldier. This type of folk art was made to express the sorrow of not being home with their families. The prison camp went on a year after the war. Although prisoner is never truly happy by any means art may have relived the blues. The families of the prisoners were saddened also. Many of the surviving artwork has survived to the present day and is housed and cataloged in the

 

South African National Museum of Military History in Johannesburg.

 A song known as The De La Rey Song was a beloved ballad and was anthem for parts of Africa, enjoyed by the Dutch of Africa. The song was originally written by a half- Irish and half - Afrikanns was simple picked General Koos de la rey because the name rhymed with Sean Else lyrics of the song. General Koos de la rey did not want to fight, but he later became part of the “NeverEnders”, He later died in a police shot out; the police thought he was a mob member. During his time as a military leader he released British soldier, because he felt they would get better medical treatment.

 Canada sent 7,000 troops to fight in South Africa. The make-up of the troops where group of English Protestants and Catholics. These soldiers turned out to be poets who had the desire to publish there poetry in denominational publications. The poetry reflected their religious and political views of war. The publications such as the English Protestant press, published war time poetry that could of reached the religious faithful in numbers reaching 40,000.The mainstream papers known as the Toronto Globe had readers reaching the numbers of 43,000.The Evening Telegram had readers about 25,000. It is estimated that 300 poems were printed in Denominational periodicals and were reprinted in different literature. Although there were many famous poets who were famous where intensified because of the war such as Rudyard Kipling. Many poets were clergymen to a citizen female supporting the war effort. The poetry subject was often the Boer leadership, such as Paul Kruger. Queen Victoria was the muse of many of the Canadian soldier’s pens also. The Battle of Paaredeberg was a subject of many poems also. Poetry was a quick means that made the writer soldier happy during the surreal horrible experience of war.

 The primary difference between the Boer and the British leadership was a standing military. The British had an army that was groomed over time, while the Boar formed their army out necessity. The British were a group trying to maintain their world superpower dominance, while the Dutch were just trying to earn a living. The New Republic was not the king or queen check and balance parliament, like the British had. The Dutch Republic would closely resemble the early American colonies. Many thinkers consider the United States of America a type of republic rather then democracy. The leaders of Dutch were diverse people who come from farming and mining background. The British invaders were not from space, but from Britain. The plains of Africa have never seen so much red, and not just the coats, since the British landed on Africa.

 The Commando System was used in Dutch Africa since the 18th Century; this system defrayed the cost of having a daily standing army. The leaders in the Commando System were elected; the district had to muster 3,000 men to fight. A soldier in the boars army was from the age of 16 to 60.The Tranvaal and the Free State were different, but both parties fought for what was right for the Dutch Colonists of Africa.

 General Louis Botha was a Boers leader in eighteen sixty two until nineteen nineteen, he later became a statesman and rose Prime Minster of Africa. He was not a military leader who was classically trained, he got his experience on the field and earned the respect of his soldiers, this allowed him to win victories for the Afrikaners. His notable triumphs were defeating the British at Ladysmith and Colenso. General Louis Botha was part of the “NeverEnders”, and was a successful leader during the guerilla

 The battles the followed well until the dawn of twentieth century, the final soldiering act of General Louis Botha was the taking down of the Germans in nineteen fifteen.

 The wars between the British and Dutch were costly. The Dutch stopped fighting the British. The cost of war, has far as hatred was short lived, because shortly after the

            Anglo Boer War, a larger war was started which was world wide, this war The Great War which united Africa.

 

Bibliography

 

BBC.QUEEN Victoria’s Chocolate Gifts for her Men at War

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A16858696,2008.

 

Don Taylor, Robert Hale. The British in Africa, Great Britian.Willmer Brothers and Harham LTD,Birkenhead.1962(Pg 39- 82-87).

 

Gordon L. Heath.Passion for Empire: War Poetry Published in the Canadian English Protestant P...

 

Literature & Theology; Jun 2002; 16, 2; ProQuest Religion.

 

Digger History. Boer War; Dutch farmers fighting Aussie farmers, http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/other/boer_war.htm,2008.

 

Digger History . Boer Leaders in the 2nd Boer War. http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-leaders/boer.htm,2008.

 

Huxtins/London .Queen Victoria's Boer War Christmas gift tins complete set c1900.http://www.huxtins.com/TINS/h2303_tin.shtml2008 .2008.

 

Fransjohan Pretorius. Boer Prisoner of War Art

 

History Today; Mar 2006; 56, 3; Research Library, pg 31.

 

Dan Roodt.The ‘De la Rey’ Song,

 

http://www.amren.com/mtnews/archives/2008/03/the_de_la_rey_s.php .American Renaissance 2008.

 

Allan Sinclair.Boer Prisoner of war handcraft at the South African National Museum of Military History. Military History Journal-Vol 11 No ¾.http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol113as.html

 

Author Unknown. Anglo Boer War.http://www.angloboerwar.com/forces/boer_commando.html.

Sat Feb 07 06:47:00 EST 2009 |

Anglo Boer War, a larger war was started which was world wide, this war The Great War which united Africa.

 

Bibliography

 

BBC.QUEEN Victoria’s Chocolate Gifts for her Men at War

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A16858696,2008.

 

Don Taylor, Robert Hale.The British in Africa, Great Britian.Willmer Brothers and Harham LTD,Birkenhead.1962(Pg 39- 82-87).

 

Gordon L. Heath.Passion for Empire: War Poetry Published in the Canadian English Protestant P...

 

Literature & Theology; Jun 2002; 16, 2; ProQuest Religion.

 

Digger History.Boer War;Dutch farmers fighting Aussie farmers, http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/other/boer_war.htm,2008.

 

Digger History . Boer Leaders in the 2nd Boer War. http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-leaders/boer.htm,2008.

 

Huxtins/London .Queen Victoria's Boer War Christmas gift tins complete set c1900.http://www.huxtins.com/TINS/h2303_tin.shtml2008 .2008.

 

Fransjohan Pretorius. Boer Prisoner of War Art

 

History Today; Mar 2006; 56, 3; Research Library, pg 31.

 

Dan Roodt.The ‘De la Rey’ Song,

 

http://www.amren.com/mtnews/archives/2008/03/the_de_la_rey_s.php .American Renaissance 2008.

 

Allan Sinclair.Boer Prisoner of war handcraft at the South African National Museum of Military History.Military History Journal-Vol 11 No ¾.http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol113as.html

 

Author Unknown. Anglo Boer War.http://www.angloboerwar.com/forces/boer_commando.html.

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