The Ballad of a Kaleidoscope

The Ballad of a Kaleidoscope

Little to Big Happenings about the Boer War

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

 

Little to Big Happenings about the Boer War

 How people express themselves during war and peace is very different. The simplest gestures, keep a persons moral up in times of war and peace? The holidays they celebrate are not the same throughout Africa. Throughout the history of Africa it has seen many wars, what is written and what artifacts remain, may help prevent war from coming again. The artistic expression and documentation that comes out of war, is then priceless, since war takes many nation national treasures, in amounts no math major could really calculate.

 The Boers were Dutch farmers; they populated the Orange Free State and the Transvaal. The Boers traveled from Hinderland which was the south part of Africa. This journey is known as the “Great Trek”. The Boers spoke an Afrikaans language with a mixture of "kraal”. The Boers had a liberalism philosophy, but had firm Calvinism beliefs. The Boers compound Afrikaans languages were unique to their native village and cattle compound. The Uitlander where people who worked in gold mines and engineers and also entrepreneurs. They lived near the Witwatersrand in 1886, near the Transvaal, South Africa. Uitlander controlled Johannesburg and parts Transvaal, South Africa, mainly the mines. Cape Colony was started by the Dutch East India Company in 1652.The Cape Colony was important because it was the import and export area for trade in Southern Africa it was strategic in nature as it was along the water route ,if it was taken by anyone supplies would be cut off.3

 During the Second Boer War, in the start of the 20th century, the Queen of England was Queen Victoria. She prepared gifts for the British Armed Forces for Christmas. The gift was a chocolate tin, filled with CadBury Chocolates. The tins were made in a big size and a little size. The tins had a golden colored rim and were red and blue. The lid had on it Queen Victoria’s head and her insignia and a message that said “I wish you a Happy New Year”. The tin was signed Victoria. The tin was later used to carry personnel artifacts which were personnel to the British troops. Some tins were so special that some chocolates were uneaten. The makers of the chocolate were “Barclay and Fry” and also Barringer, Wallis and Manners and Rowntree and Hudson Scott. The Queen spent 3587.50 in British pounds this is 6,500 in American money. The time and money was well spent since the British won the war.

 The British had taken prisoners during the Boer War. These prisoners were not all Dutch settlers fighting in Africa. The 20,000 prisoner were dependent on the leaders of the camp to supply food and water and hygiene needs, while the prisoners stayed at the camp. Although the amount of prisoners kept growing some prisoners were captured in the battle of Elandslaagte and Paardeberg.

 The locations of these camps were in Bermuda and India and also Ceylon and St. Helena .The prisoner used art as a way to express themselves during their stay at these camps. The artistic items were used has a type of money system within the camps.2Some items were sold in local shops in Bermuda; the proceeds were given back to the prisoners of war

 The soldier made boxes and picture frames out of unused stuff they found on their walk and around camps. The prisoners made toys for their children also. Item with a snake on it was thought to mean the artist was a guerilla soldier. This type of folk art was made to express the sorrow of not being home with their families. The prison camp went on a year after the war. Although prisoner is never truly happy by any means art may have relived the blues. The families of the prisoners were saddened also. Many of the surviving artwork has survived to the present day and is housed and cataloged in the

 

South African National Museum of Military History in Johannesburg.

 A song known as The De La Rey Song was a beloved ballad and was anthem for parts of Africa, enjoyed by the Dutch of Africa. The song was originally written by a half- Irish and half - Afrikanns was simple picked General Koos de la rey because the name rhymed with Sean Else lyrics of the song. General Koos de la rey did not want to fight, but he later became part of the “NeverEnders”, He later died in a police shot out; the police thought he was a mob member. During his time as a military leader he released British soldier, because he felt they would get better medical treatment.

 Canada sent 7,000 troops to fight in South Africa. The make-up of the troops where group of English Protestants and Catholics. These soldiers turned out to be poets who had the desire to publish there poetry in denominational publications. The poetry reflected their religious and political views of war. The publications such as the English Protestant press, published war time poetry that could of reached the religious faithful in numbers reaching 40,000.The mainstream papers known as the Toronto Globe had readers reaching the numbers of 43,000.The Evening Telegram had readers about 25,000. It is estimated that 300 poems were printed in Denominational periodicals and were reprinted in different literature. Although there were many famous poets who were famous where intensified because of the war such as Rudyard Kipling. Many poets were clergymen to a citizen female supporting the war effort. The poetry subject was often the Boer leadership, such as Paul Kruger. Queen Victoria was the muse of many of the Canadian soldier’s pens also. The Battle of Paaredeberg was a subject of many poems also. Poetry was a quick means that made the writer soldier happy during the surreal horrible experience of war.

 The primary difference between the Boer and the British leadership was a standing military. The British had an army that was groomed over time, while the Boar formed their army out necessity. The British were a group trying to maintain their world superpower dominance, while the Dutch were just trying to earn a living. The New Republic was not the king or queen check and balance parliament, like the British had. The Dutch Republic would closely resemble the early American colonies. Many thinkers consider the United States of America a type of republic rather then democracy. The leaders of Dutch were diverse people who come from farming and mining background. The British invaders were not from space, but from Britain. The plains of Africa have never seen so much red, and not just the coats, since the British landed on Africa.

 The Commando System was used in Dutch Africa since the 18th Century; this system defrayed the cost of having a daily standing army. The leaders in the Commando System were elected; the district had to muster 3,000 men to fight. A soldier in the boars army was from the age of 16 to 60.The Tranvaal and the Free State were different, but both parties fought for what was right for the Dutch Colonists of Africa.

 General Louis Botha was a Boers leader in eighteen sixty two until nineteen nineteen, he later became a statesman and rose Prime Minster of Africa. He was not a military leader who was classically trained, he got his experience on the field and earned the respect of his soldiers, this allowed him to win victories for the Afrikaners. His notable triumphs were defeating the British at Ladysmith and Colenso. General Louis Botha was part of the “NeverEnders”, and was a successful leader during the guerilla

 The battles the followed well until the dawn of twentieth century, the final soldiering act of General Louis Botha was the taking down of the Germans in nineteen fifteen.

 The wars between the British and Dutch were costly. The Dutch stopped fighting the British. The cost of war, has far as hatred was short lived, because shortly after the

            Anglo Boer War, a larger war was started which was world wide, this war The Great War which united Africa.

 

Bibliography

 

BBC.QUEEN Victoria’s Chocolate Gifts for her Men at War

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A16858696,2008.

 

Don Taylor, Robert Hale. The British in Africa, Great Britian.Willmer Brothers and Harham LTD,Birkenhead.1962(Pg 39- 82-87).

 

Gordon L. Heath.Passion for Empire: War Poetry Published in the Canadian English Protestant P...

 

Literature & Theology; Jun 2002; 16, 2; ProQuest Religion.

 

Digger History. Boer War; Dutch farmers fighting Aussie farmers, http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/other/boer_war.htm,2008.

 

Digger History . Boer Leaders in the 2nd Boer War. http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-leaders/boer.htm,2008.

 

Huxtins/London .Queen Victoria's Boer War Christmas gift tins complete set c1900.http://www.huxtins.com/TINS/h2303_tin.shtml2008 .2008.

 

Fransjohan Pretorius. Boer Prisoner of War Art

 

History Today; Mar 2006; 56, 3; Research Library, pg 31.

 

Dan Roodt.The ‘De la Rey’ Song,

 

http://www.amren.com/mtnews/archives/2008/03/the_de_la_rey_s.php .American Renaissance 2008.

 

Allan Sinclair.Boer Prisoner of war handcraft at the South African National Museum of Military History. Military History Journal-Vol 11 No ¾.http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol113as.html

 

Author Unknown. Anglo Boer War.http://www.angloboerwar.com/forces/boer_commando.html.

Sat Feb 07 06:47:00 EST 2009 |

Anglo Boer War, a larger war was started which was world wide, this war The Great War which united Africa.

 

Bibliography

 

BBC.QUEEN Victoria’s Chocolate Gifts for her Men at War

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A16858696,2008.

 

Don Taylor, Robert Hale.The British in Africa, Great Britian.Willmer Brothers and Harham LTD,Birkenhead.1962(Pg 39- 82-87).

 

Gordon L. Heath.Passion for Empire: War Poetry Published in the Canadian English Protestant P...

 

Literature & Theology; Jun 2002; 16, 2; ProQuest Religion.

 

Digger History.Boer War;Dutch farmers fighting Aussie farmers, http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/other/boer_war.htm,2008.

 

Digger History . Boer Leaders in the 2nd Boer War. http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-leaders/boer.htm,2008.

 

Huxtins/London .Queen Victoria's Boer War Christmas gift tins complete set c1900.http://www.huxtins.com/TINS/h2303_tin.shtml2008 .2008.

 

Fransjohan Pretorius. Boer Prisoner of War Art

 

History Today; Mar 2006; 56, 3; Research Library, pg 31.

 

Dan Roodt.The ‘De la Rey’ Song,

 

http://www.amren.com/mtnews/archives/2008/03/the_de_la_rey_s.php .American Renaissance 2008.

 

Allan Sinclair.Boer Prisoner of war handcraft at the South African National Museum of Military History.Military History Journal-Vol 11 No ¾.http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol113as.html

 

Author Unknown. Anglo Boer War.http://www.angloboerwar.com/forces/boer_commando.html.

Queen Victoria's Christmas gift "Chocolates"

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

Queen Victoria's Christmas gift

chocolates

During the Second Boer War from 1899-1902, the Queen of England who was Queen Victoria. She prepared gifts for the British Armed Forces for one Christmas during this war. The gift was a chocolate tin, filled with CadBury Chocolates. The tins were made in a big size and a little size. The tins had a golden colored rim and were red and blue. The lid had on it Queen Victoria’s head and her insignia and a message that said “I wish you a Happy New Year”. The tin was signed Victoria. The tin was later used to carry personnel artifacts, which were personnel to the British troops. Some tins were so special that some chocolates were uneaten. The makers of the chocolate were “Barclay and Fry” and also Barringer, Wallis and Manners and Rowntree and Hudson Scott. The Queen spent 3587.50 in British pounds this is 6,500 in American money. The time and money was well spent since the British won the war.

 Huxtins/London .Queen Victoria's Boer War Christmas gift tins complete set c1900.http://www.huxtins.com/tins/h2303_tin.shtml.2008.

A different look at consentration camps from a different war Africa

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

 The British had taken prisoners during the Boer War. These prisoners were not all Dutch settlers fighting in Africa. The 20,000 prisoner were dependent on the leaders of the camp to supply food and water and hygiene needs, while the prisoners stayed at the camp. Although the amount of prisoners kept growing some prisoners were captured in the battle of Elandslaagte and Paardeberg.

 The locations of these camps were in Bermuda and India and also Ceylon and St. Helena .The prisoner used art as a way to express themselves during their stay at these camps. The artistic items were used has a type of money system within the camps. Some items were sold in local shops in Bermuda; the proceeds were given back to the prisoners of war

 The soldier made boxes and picture frames out of unused stuff they found on their walk and around camps. The prisoners made toys for their children also. Item with a snake on it was thought to mean the artist was a guerilla soldier. This type of folk art was made to express the sorrow of not being home with their families. The prison camp went on a year after the war. Although prisoner is never truly happy by any means art may have relived the blues. The families of the prisoners were saddened also. Many of the surviving artwork has survived to the present day and is housed and cataloged in the South African National Museum of Military History in Johannesburg.

 The Battle of Elandslaagte 21 October 1899/The Battle of Paardeberg 18/27 Feb 1900

 

Fransjohan Pretorius.Boer Prisoner of War Art

 

History Today; Mar 2006; 56, 3; Research Library, pg 31

 

Allan Sinclair.Boer Prisoner of war handcraft at the South African National Museum of Military History.Military History Journal-Vol 11 No ¾. samilitaryhistory.org/vol113as.html>.

 

American Renaissance .


 


An Evolution Argument Paper about the Electoral College

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton said, "I believe strongly that in a democracy, we should respect the will of the people and to me, that means it's time to do away with the Electoral College."

 

The Electoral College and how it is viewed throughout the United States democratic system is the subject of this paper. The people of the United States need to feel like the government is run by the people, not the politician running the country. This is why this check and balance systems are is in place. Some would consider the Electoral College one of these. This system is more commonly known has red states and blue states, in modern political terms. The Electoral College system has 538 electors that decide the president and the vice president of the United States of America. Each elector casts two votes to try to elect a 270 majority. The Electoral College political process has not been reevaluated in over thirty years and often times the electoral vote is in large conflict to the popular vote.

 

The argument against the Electoral College is that it does not include accurately out of country voters, such as soldiers deployed, who can’t vote. The Electoral College inflates small to large states .The Electoral College inaccurately represents places that are not within the 50 states, other places where American voters reside such asPuerto Rico.

 

Table 1. Electoral Vote Allocation by State, 2004-2008

 

State Electors

 

Alabama 9 Kentucky 8 North Dakota 3

 

Alaska 3 Louisiana 9 Ohio 20

 

Arizona 10 Maine 4 Oklahoma 7

 

Arkansas 6 Maryland 10 Oregon 7

 

California 55 Massachusetts 12 Pennsylvania 21

 

Colorado 9 Michigan 17 Rhode Island 4

 

Connecticut 7 Minnesota 10 South Carolina 8

 

Delaware 3 Mississippi 6 South Dakota 3

 

District of Columbia 3 Missouri 11 Tennessee 11

 

Florida 27 Montana 3 Texas 34

 

Georgia 15 Nebraska 5 Utah 5

 

Hawaii 4 Nevada 5 Vermont 3

 

Idaho 4 New Hampshire 4 Virginia 13

 

Illinois 21 New Jersey 15 Washington 11

 

Indiana 11 New Mexico 5 West Virginia 5

 

Iowa 7 New York 31 Wisconsin 10

 

Kansas 6 North Carolina 15 Wyoming 3( )

 

The people that are for the Electoral College are those that live in large states with more votes, because the majority is more likely are going to get heard. The Electoral College was written into the United States Constitution; its purpose was to help the government elect a vice president and president. Ron Paul a former participant in the 2008 president race states in a letter using the term “Mob Rule”. Ron Paul says “Sadly, we have forgotten that states created the federal government, not the other way around. The Electoral College system represents an attempt; however effective, to limit federal power and preserve states’ rights. It is an essential part of our federalist balance. It also represents a reminder that pure democracy, mob rule, is incompatible with liberty. The Electoral College system is a simple system in place, because the government has to make hard choices. What is popular does not make it right, hence mob rule and trial by jury. The Electoral College system is in place to represent the majority of the population.

 

The Electoral College was created by the founding fathers of the United States and perhaps this is a different side of the argument, in that, fifty states were not part of the original thinking of this design. The original design did not include in it the womens’ vote or the black vote. An example of the opposing view is the Electoral College does not represent the people at large, but rather only 538 people points of view. The goal of American political system is to count every vote. Clearly there are more in theUnited States then 538 people.

 

The Electoral College probably needs to be set up in a way that reflects the popular vote, perhaps by doing away with delegates and just holding an election for the nomination. The Electoral College has been debated and has been in dispute since its inception into politics at the dawn of the U.S. Constitution. The battle will perhaps always rage on in politics.

 

Bibliography

 

1. Byron York Democrats' dilemma ISSN (07347456),http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=J0E420607598308&site=ehost-live, USA TODAY;05/28/2008.

 

0. This paper was useful in finding the current problem with the Electoral College and that is a candidate can when the popular vote but loses to the Electoral College. This paper included the quote used to introduce this paper.

 

2. Thomas H. Neale, The Electoral College: How It Works in

 

Contemporary Presidential Elections(RS20273) ,CRS Report for Congress http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/28109.pdf, September 8, 2003

 

  1. Thomas H. Neale explains in simply terms the Electoral College. This paper is interesting because it points out; electors are not senators or even politician at all.

2. Rep. Ron Paul, MD, The Electoral College vs. Mob Rule, http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul214.html, November 2, 2004

 

0. This paper is a nice paper perspective on Ron Paul.

 

NARA/ Electoral College, Frequently Asked Questions, http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/faq.html

 

0.This website provides stats and the numbers that go along with the Electoral College.


History of The Great War, or World War One, told by someone who is thirty something.

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13



"I want freedom, the right to self-expression, everybody's right to beautiful, radiant things."

 

Emma Goldman

 

"A great moral victory for Vienna, but with it, every reason for war disappears."

 

The Kaiser on the ø Serbian reply to the ultimatum

 

The First World War was a extremely large scale war, fought on the largest scale .A small town person as a hard time imagining a world beyond the local ice cream establishment, much less what happens in France or Germany. The Great War was a surreal event the came to the listeners of radio, much like a movie or a ball game. Time spent in front of a grand wooden family radio was well spent. Humanity most sees all war as the big one, for one life is the greatest lost. This war was one of the first ones that have airplane use, since the Wright Brothers invented the first working aircraft. Firearms were able to shoot much better since the last war. Civilizations had more choice, the choice to not say yes to life came an option to females. Letter writing was not the only way to communicate the telegraph was an invention the made passing of information much easier. The leadership of the early part of twentieth century was much different then the twenty-first. Monarchies today are figureheads. The world has been come very much democratic, much like the early idea of the founding father of the United States. The Czars of Russia was not bad people.1 Kaiser Wilhelm only wished a happier way of life for the people of Germany. Kaiser Wilhelm said of the Czar Nicholas II of Russia he is "only fit to live in a country house and grow turnips”.2 The Czar Nicholas II of Russia thought of himself as a military man when war broke his wife Czarina Alexandra Feodorovna took over running the country in addition to an advisor Rasputin. Czar Nicholas II lacked the political and other skills needed to carry a country threw wartime. He was known has a very religious man, he was killed and so was his family in nineteen eighteen. 3 Other leaders were Pope Benedict XV, a Catholic Church leader who helped bring on a Christmas truce in 1914.His other contribution were anther treaty in 1915 Treaty of London Central Powers. Benedict's brought fourth seven-point Peace Note of August 1917. Austria-Hungary took Pope Benedict XV very seriously. The Vatican was not allowed to attend the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, which can be a major loss to peace.4

 

Woodrow Wilson was a western jugernaught, who endured the First World War, firing to spread democracy. Wilson was frontrunner that tried to prompt what is now the Untied Nations. Wilson fought so hard for the start of the Untied Nations that he nearly had a stroke; he said once” Dare we reject it and break the heart of the world?" Wilson lived until 1924, with the care of his wife Edith Wilson. Wilson guided the United States with the hopes to spread democracy. President Wilson Said "The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make."5 The true leadership is the nation that is govern by people who are elected by the people not their blood lines or one single mans or women’s ability in war to launch a dictatorship.6

 

Terror groups are not a new invention into new millennium world. Terrorist have been operating under different names and different causes for centuries. The Black Hand was a Secret Serbian Terrorist Society, who sought to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand. This group was made up by Serbian army officers. The Black Hand members took an oath stating they would take the dealing of the Black Hand to their grave.7

 

Zimmerman telegram was that telegram that shocked the United States; it stated a wished partnership between Mexico and Germany. Mexico tried to maintain that they were still are allies. The British government entered the information to the United States as fast as possible, this made the United States enter the war very fast.

 

Women were not in the combat arms, during World War One and still are not in modern wars. Women are thought to distract the infantry man or tank commander in combat. Women’s hygiene requires women needs shower at closer intervals then a man. Women are not as strong as men, but not all men are Herculean in stature either. Should woman take up a rifle and follow an infantry person, this may become needed in the next World War Three, but in World War One women were nurses and other non combat fields in the Great War.

 

Mademoiselle Miss was an American girl who became an officer serving under the French. She took an oral exam under the integration of nine doctors. She got threw school and carried the rank of lieutenant. She served near the trenches of the Marne. Mademoiselle Miss worked fourteen a day in a French Army Hospital. Her dairy written, that tells her life from September twentieth nineteenth fifteenth to Easter Sunday April nineteenth sixteenth, explain her time near the Marne. The dairy of Mademoiselle Miss is red like day by day desires of a woman on a front. She wanted to heal people. She talks about things like how she kept the hospital clean. What she did for the troops on Christmas day. She also details how many surgery she helps with from day to day. Mademoiselle Miss did not complain about her day to day, but found her days refreshing. Mademoiselle Miss felt like a mother to her patients, she did not feel the horror of war or at least she did not let them get to her.8

 

Emma Goldman was an atheist who was against World War One, she said of the Woodrow Wilson” Imagine, capitalist America also divides the anarchists into two categories, philosophic and criminal. The first are accepted in highest circles; one of them is even high in the councils of the Wilson Administration. The second category, to which we have the honor of belonging, is persecuted and often imprisoned. Yours also seems to be a distinction without a difference. Don't you think so?” Protesting against the war does not make someone Anti-American. She said “Women need not always keep their mouths shut and their wombs open”, she said this when she was sent to prison. Free speech is important basic American right. The threat of protesting is often determined by if Americans are in clear and present danger. Goldman fought over numerous issues such as religion and sexual expression and right to use contraceptives. Goldman was sent back to Russia to only return to the United States in death. The contrast between Mademoiselle Miss and Emma Goldman are very different, but their willingness of duty probably was very similar. These two women set the pace of change only time would truly tell if the change was good or bad.9

 

The 369th Infantry Regiment was nicknamed the “Harlem Hellfighter” the American all black company attached to the French. The company was from New York. Private Henry Johnson was an original member of the fifteenth New York was an original National Guard unit which became the 369th Infantry Regiment. Johnson is being nominated for a Medal of Honor. The Harlem Hell fighters never allowed a soldier to be captured or lost friendly ground; they never lost any captured territory. The members of the 369th Regiment, Johnson and Roberts were on patrol; their job was to work on a advance listening post. The patrol was attacked by twenty-four Germans; the other members of the five men patrol were sleeping. Johnson and Roberts fought of the attack got hurt; they made it to their own grenades and starting lobbing them toward the enemy. Johnson chopped of the heads of Germans with a bolo type knife with one slash. Roberts was being physically, he broke free Johnson and Roberts had several shrapnel wounds. Johnson and Roberts were awarded the “” Croix de Guerre” with a palm leaf for valor. This is the best French have for awards .The battle of the Meuse-Argonne, was in town of Sechault, which wad invested with Germans. The Germans were entrenched in Sechault; there were tons of machine guns and other occupier stuff. The 369th had to get the Germans out. The 369th regiments fought against artillery to return Sechault to friendly rule, the town was taken back. The whole regiment got the “Croix de Guerra’s very high award. Johnson died at forty, very poor. World War One never ended for him until nineteenth thirty seven, when he died.10

 

The Lost Battalion was a group of man lost in the field. A carrier pigeon named Cher Ami which means dear friend, delivered a message that saved a lot of people. Cher Ami was a breed of pigeon known as a Black Check Cock carrier pigeon11. The group that was lost was called the Seventy- Seventh Infantry Division, and this delivery allowed one hundred and ninety four lives to walk out of the Argonne Forest. The Major Whittlesey and company were being hit by their own people. Carrier pigeon are generally used to take photos of the enemy and fly with aircraft12. The most important thing that they did was deliver messages that were attached to their legs. Cher Ami lost a leg and was shot in the breast this bird was a war hero and was awarded a French medal called” Croix de Guerre” to include a palm which was given to him for anther mission before called forts of Verdun. Major Whittlesey was given the Medal of Honor13, also two other men were awarded the Medal of Honor, and they were Captain McMurthy and Lieutenant Holderman. During the time in the forest there was an airdrop which was the first one in history, two pilots died they each earned the Medal of Honor in their deaths. Their names were Lieutenants Goettler and Erwin Bleckley. Cher Ami only lived a year after the ordeal in Argonne Forest, the bird died of the results of the bird war wounds.14

 

GAS, GAS the men in the camp bellow as they struggle to put on their masks. The worn out horn honks and honks, the putting on the mask struggle continues. The wrenches clank together in the mechanic bay attempt to alert the man at his short range outpost to mask, he does.

 

Germans used Gas for the first time in a battle against the British; it was in Ypres on April 22 1915.In ten minutes 5,000 troops died anthers 5,000 were wounded. Gas helmets were not designed for animals so many dogs, horses and carrier pigeons died in gas attacks. Thirty thousand people were estimated to have died in all during the Great War. Gas was executed by launching cylinder gas filled tubes toward the enemy launched them toward their enemy according to which way the wind blew. The types of Gas are chlorine and phosgene gases which attacked the lungs. Mustard gas attacks the skin, and burns body parts. One and Four artillery shells fired on the western front contained gas. After a gas attack a chemical spray was used to keep the trenches clean enough to continue fighting and defending the companies area.15

 

Gas Masks were cloth made, but were treated with chemicals that help with decreasing the risk of the bad chemicals. The soldier saw by two windows like holes that were glass. Rubber covered tubing aided in breathing, it prevented in inhaling bad gas. A gas mask was good for five hours; a waterproof bag was exchanged when it went bad. A soldier only had eighteen to twenty seconds to dawn and clear on a mask, many died in trying to put on a mask.16

 

Soldier alone does not always win war at home and abroad. The war at home, take a different kind of soldier. A Different Kind could not survive this, with out faith. Programs run by lay people and soldiers abroad of all faiths win wars. Reporters in the field affect the moral of all whom hear their reports, it is all this that make up a battlefield. The paper non-combatants, who are willing to die for their country, Salvation Armies works during World War One. Reporters and record wars from all perspectives, it would be interesting to write this paper about that. Who is the Soldier really fighting for, their country or each other?

 

Tank technology developed slowly to what they are today. The British invented and used the first tank. The name tank was because the boxes were marked “tank” to keep then a secret. The Battle of Somme was the day the tanks put on their first show on September fifteenth nineteen sixteenth. The French started using tanks in nineteenth seventeen. Tanks were used as a fear factor and to brake threw large obstacles. The early tanks had a lot of trouble with vision for the driver and they got bogged down in area of mud and other murkiest area. Most of these problems were resolved in later models. A tanker is one of the combat arms in which modern women could due, because to put four men and gear in a tank makes no since. A Tanker is a culture within the military they usual work with Engineers. Both groups try hard not to hit their infantry support while their all doing their jobs.17

 

The dogs of war sometimes are real dogs. Dogs were used to carry messages, their ability to be a small target much like a low crawl of a soldier. The dogs made fast deliveries with their messages. Dogs are even faster then humans. Dogs also consoled soldiers on the Western Front. The trenches were very lonely and dogs helped fill some voids. Adolf Hitler was thought to keep a dog in his German trench. In 60 minutes the dog mostly got the messages threw if and when all other way did not work, the dog way worked.18

 

The Unknown Soldier was a World War One soldier. He was selected by an official ceremony. The Unknown Soldier was selected in nineteen twenty one. The Unknown Soldier was picked from four soldiers who nobody know who they are. The soldier was chosen who the worst looking one was. The Unknown Soldier came from France. The process of limitation was done by a Sergeant Younger. He picked from four, he marked the winner with a circle on the casket, three times. There was a ceremony, era music was played and classical and military traditional was also played in the Unknown Soldier eliminations. The Olympia ship was an American ship, she served in the Spanish-American war, and the ship was fighting in World War One also. The Olympia and the Unknown Soldier journeyed home for the last time; this was on October twenty fifth nineteen twenty one.19

 

The twentieth century brought the war to the skies and beyond. The kinds of thing that went in the air were hot air balloons and weather balloons, prior to Zeppelins The inventor named Ferdinand Von Zeppelin in vented the Zeppelin a lean mean killing machine. The Zeppelin was able to carry all kinds of weapons of mass destruction of the great wars day. Machines were able to blaze any trail and other weaponry away. The Zeppelin blew away cities like space aliens do in movies. The advancement of the aircraft from tri-plane to bi-plane, then to single winged engines plane changed wars forever and without the plane the atom bombs in World War Two may never be dropped or September eleventh two thousand and one may have never had plane hit the twin towers in New York. Plans deliverer medicine to people and carry great people who do great thing also. The plane defiantly killed the Zeppelin, well technology simple marches on.20

 

One of German most feared dude’s was Baron Manfred Von Richthofen. He was Germans golden boy. He had eighty kills, and was awarded to “Orden Pour le Merite”, which is also called the Blue Max. The Blue Max is Germans highest award. The Red Baron painted his plane red, and that got his unit the name of “Flying Circus”. The Red Baron died at the young age of twenty five, a memorial that men were really young who died in the Great War.21

 

Flying aces were seen more like the sword duels of old. When two planes would engage in combat it was more like a ballet, not a war. An air duel is also called a dogfight. Planes were used in many methods such as to take pictures for reconnaissance. The planes were used in large scale strategic bombardment attacks. Planes were also used in tactical attacks which were on a tiny scale. Planes were an advancement which changed war forever, mass destruction took the honor and chivalry out of planes, but it is air superiority that wins war, not good sportsmanship.22

 

In conclusion war is not meant to be fought at all only under extreme attacks were needed. St Augustine developed just war theory in the book called City Of God. His home of Hippo was under attack by bombardment. Many young lives lost their life in the early part of the twentieth century. In time was the end result worth the loss of so many. War is fought because of philosophy and power and land. War is not fought for hope. Many men who go to war go for the thrill, to simply find out what it must be like to kill a man, with great excitement they dream about this. Many soldier purchases knife just to hope to get their enemy blood on it. The toll of war on man is simply guts; war comes to a man but once in life when he or she is ready it is a stepping stone when the time is right. How many people boiled bleach as a youth just to be stopped and told your making a weapon of mass destruction, a soldier is not a killer.

 

If some one is a good soldier he or she will walk away if the soldier feels they are not ready. A man is not predestined to simply fight, but to love or heal. The measure of a great human person is the willingness to say no, and simply walk away from war and let someone else fight on, because healer are need in the war at home then on the front lines when there is not lines then its just safer in the rear with the gear for that type of person. World War One is just a simple matter of perspective, that’s all and this just one perspective from a person who is thirty-something.

 

Work Cited

 

1.Michael Hunsucker, Daanish Khan and Jean Valdez Western, http://www.worldwar1.com/biorc....

 

2. Michael Duffy , http://www.firstworldwar.com/b....

 

3. http://www.whitehouse.gov/hist....

 

4.Micheal Shackelford, WWI WWW THE BLACK HAND The Secret Serbian Terrorist Society , http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/ww....

 

5.Jay Winter http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/hi... /hist_winter_04_tsar.html, http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/hi...hist_winter_03_kaiser.html,Copyright © 1996 - 2004 Community Television of Southern California,2006.

 

5.Wikipedia,Zimmermann Telegram ,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z....

 

6.Cliff Walker, Positive Atheism's Big List of Emma Goldman

 

Quotations, http://www.positiveatheism.org....

 

7.Woodrow Wilson, http://americanhistory.about.c... 8.Jewish Women's Archive. "JWAEmma GoldmanOverview." (July 20, 2006).

 

World War One the medical front, "Mademoiselle Miss Letters from an American Girl Serving with the Rank of Lieutenant

 

in a French Army Hospital at the Front

 

9.http://www.vlib.us/medical/MMi....

 

10.Michael Hunsucker,

 

Daanish Khan and

 

Jean Valdezhttp://www.worldwar1.com/biorc....

 

11.Mike Iavarone, Frederick Wilhelm Viktor Albert of Hohenzollern,Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany,http://www.worldwar1.com/bioka....

 

12. "Gas Attack, 1916," EyeWitness to History, eyewitnesstohistory.com (1999).2006.

 

13. "The Unknown Soldier Comes Home, 1921," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2001).2006.

 

14. Smithsonian Institution,http://www.siedu/resource/faq/....

 

15. The WW1 Tank,http://www.geocities.com/Penta....

 

16. Dogs in World War One,http://www.historylearningsite...

 

17. Doug Sterner, Cher Ami And The Lost Battalion, www. HomeOfHeroes/books, 2006.

 

18. Agency Group 09,WW1”HARLEM HELLFIGHTER”NOMINATED FOR MEDAL,http://ezproxy.apus.edu2121/De...…

 

19. Alan Axelrod,Ph.D.The Complete Idiot’s Guide To World War 1,alpha books

 

20. "Death of a Zeppelin, 1916," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2005).

 

21. "The Red Baron Scores Two Victories, 1917," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2005).

132ND Engineer Battalion was deactivated

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

 

The battalion called 132ND Engineer Battalion was deactivated in August 14, 2004.It’s most recent history included being ready to roll for the Northern California floods in 1996 and 1997.They left at moments notice, including New Year’s Eve and Day. This unit has been around since World War one, it was on in six campaigns. The unit crest has tree arrow head in it this symbolizes, it three landing in World War two. The unit was deactivated in 1919.The unit came back in 107th Engineer Regiment, out of the Michigan National Guard. Which got a name, and that was the 132nd Engineer Battalion. Also in World War Two they worked in Hawaii and Guam. In 1946 the unit was taken apart again, but some part of it still fought in Korean Conflict. The colors in the unit crest are white, blue and red and also green, this stood for a Republic of Korea President Unit Citation that was earned during this conflict. Also in their crest are Blue, white and red stood for the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. In 1973 from 1974 the unit came part of 40th Infantry in its new home California. For three decades the unit did a lot of great work for California. The Rodney King incident in 1992 the Battalion worked in Los Angelus. This Operation was called” Operation Garden plot .In 2002 the unit went to Utah to pull security in the Dugway Proving Grounds, this was called “Operation Noble Eagle Two.” The 132nd Engineer Battalion also served in the Ukraine, Japan and also Yama Sakura, this was a Peace Shield. The unit in parts served in Iraq and Afghanistan. The motto when the unit is called to attention while in formation is “Rednecks”. The unit crests in Latin it is written on their crest Aedificamus Ducimus, which means “We Build, We lead”, which is what Engineer will always do.

 Work Cited

132ND Engineer Battalion History

army


GRIZZY (THE OFFICIAL MAGAZINE OF THE CALIFORNIA NATIONAL GUARD]

 

December 2004

 

132nd Engineer Bn

 

A Valiant History

 

By Spec. Robert Scott

 

Joint Force Headquarters

 

http://www.militarymuseum.org/...

 

http://www.132engineers.org/he...

The painting by Piero di Cosimo in 1490 is called The Visitation with Saint Nicholas and Saint Anthony Abbot

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13



A painting that is very cool. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC,The Visitation with Saint Nicholas and Saint Anthony Abbot, c. 1490 Samuel H. Kress Collection 1939.1.361,2008

 

The painting by Piero di Cosimo in 1490 is called The Visitation with Saint Nicholas and Saint Anthony Abbot. This painting depicts several people who are important in the religious community. Mary gave birth to Jesus and also said yes to life in a world that would have stoned her as an adulteress. Elizabeth, women who waited a long time to have a baby. At this moment in the painting, John the Baptist is leaping for joy in his mother’s womb. In the Bible, in Gospel of Luke 1,41-42, Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and cried out in a loud voice.” bless it are you among women and bless it is the fruit of your womb.” In addition to all these things, Elizabeth’s husband’s power of speech was taking away, because an angel told him his wife was going to be pregnant way beyond her years. He became literally, speak less unable to talk further.

 

Saint Anthony of the Abbot, according to www.catholic.org, had suffered the death of his parent at a very young age. Between the years of eighteen and twenty he heard a reading of Matthew 19:21”If you wish to be perfect, go, sell your position and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasures in heaven; then come follow me.” Saint Anthony the Abbott after deep prayer and personnel reflection knew what he had to do to transform himself as much like Jesus Christ as possible. He then placed his sister in a convent, probably being the oldest man in the family; he had the power to do that because it was part of that time. He spent the rest of his life doing the will of god, eating mostly bread, fasting, and praying. Greek philosophers sought him after. They wanted his guidance. Saint Anthony also formed the first monastic community in which religious brothers only came together to worship. ``

 

In conclusion he was long sought after even to the point where Anthony became afraid and felt people may start worshiping him instead of God. He moved into the desert and lived under the care of a people called Saracens. Saint Anthony died at one hundred and five, a long life giving himself to the lord in almost complete solitude. Cosimo captures the essence of this character in this painting.

 

Saint Nicholas lived around the fourth century. He is known for having a giving heart. One act of unselfish giving was with a man who had three daughters; the man was faced with a hardship that would have led his daughters into a very sad and unholy life style such as slavery or maybe even prostitution. Saint Nicholas heard of this by the grace of God, and over time secretly gave them all a dowry so they could live a normal life. Saint Nicholas, shortly after that, entered the religious life and later became a bishop of Myra.

 

A Dutch protestant, in possible attempt to revitalize Christmas made Saint Nicholas into Santa Clause a Nordics sorcerer. In other places, Saint Nicholas became Kris Kringle, a Christmas secular superstar. Saint Nicholas is known throughout the world by many names, even until present day.

 

The Visitation in Catholics tradition is said as a joyful mystery on a device called a Rosary. A Rosary is a beaded device in which common prayer such as The Sign of The Cross, Hail Mary, and The Apostle’s Creed and Our Father and the Glory Be To The Father, And The Hail, Holy Queen these are the mains ones used. According to the person or group, praying other could be added but these prayers will never be taken away. These prayers are not repetitive prayer at least not to Catholics, but other Christian denominations would disagree. To a practicing Catholic it is a form of mediation used to learn the bible, learn and think about the life of the Lord Jesus Christ. The Second Joyful Mystery teaches Catholics how to love their neighbor and it teaches charity toward others.

 

This painting is hung in the National Gallery of Art, in Washington D.C., the website used for this research is www.nga.gov. Recorded on this site was other information, which cannot be confirmed due to the size of the printout. This work of art has in it the Annunciation, which is on the church wall. According to the website.

 

In short, the Annunciation is a depiction of when Mary found out she was pregnant. The bible reference is the gospel of Luke 1,28 which is also a part of the Rosary, called the First Joyful Mystery. In addition, in the painting, there is a Navity and Adoration of the Shepherds on the left, and in the middle ground, there is a great Massacre of the Innocent. The Massacre provides contrast to many good people such as, Saint Jon of Arc and countless others, dying as martyr’s .Who died having done no great wrong other than, taking part in the Protestant Reformation.

 

In conclusion, a powerful family named the Capporni family probably hired Piero Di Cosimo. The painting was in their own chapel in Spirito, in Florence. His style is compared to Leonardo Da Vinci, because of a crown, which is formed by the placement of people, says Giorgio Vasari in his book Lives of the Artists. This painting is for all to see and enjoy.

Tue Dec 02 09:50:00 EST 2008 |

 

James Abbot McNeil Whisler and Gustavo Courbet(This Model was never seen)

Gustavo Courbet

James Abbot McNeil Whisler and Gustavo Courbet were two painters who aspired to paint the young Joanna Hiffernan; but which artist really painted her? Whistler and Courbet tried to work with art that represented Modernism; in a real way. Their works were as realistic as they could make them. These artists painted as they saw their subjects, but were limited to their own concept of their subjects, rather than how they really were. The artists’ work came alive in a very realistic way on the canvas, and this is why these artists were realism artists or modernism artists. There were many well known artists who painted realism, such as Claude Monet who is famous for his flower scene, but no artist every painted Joanna Hiffernan.

 

An idea was coined during the time periods referring to these Modernism Artists it is called:” Art, for Art sake.” This is, in short, a piece of art without a point of reference, as a painting in it own world. It is not my intention to persuade anyone which artist was better, Courbet’s Sleeper or Whisler’s Symphony in White Number 1: The White Girl.

 

To make my point that neither painting represented the character of the model, Joanna Hiffernan, I will briefly discuss Whistler’s and Courbet’s lives in order to demonstrate their own biases.

 

Whistler was an American-born painter, who did not feel he was born in the right place and hated anyone discussing his birthplace. Whistler worked mostly in England and lived during 1834 to 1903.His father was Major George Washington Whistler; he was a West Pint Graduate and a civil engineer. James Whistler also went to West Point for a time but had a lot of trouble in chemistry and was pulled out school. Whistler is well known for the painting of Arrangement in Gray and Black: Portrait of the Painter’s Mother. This is often called Whistler’s Mother; Mark Harden calls this painting an icon of American Motherhood .Whistler realist impression of his mother makes him a outstanding artist.

 

One of Whistler’s versions of Joanna Hiffernan, is the Symphony in White Number 1: The White Girl. This painting was, at one time, a major attraction in the Salon De Refuses, but this painting was rejected at both the Royal Academy and the Salon. This painting was often believed to be an apparition, a sleep walker, or a newly deflowered bride. Hiffernan was just directed to hang her arms loosely and have a face without any emotion. This painting is an oil painting on canvas, as restored in 1862.Courbet said,” He could paint and angel if he ever saw one.” Whistler also used Hiffernan for the Caprice in Purple and Gold, No 2-The Golden Screen. Wapping Purple Rose: The Large Lijzen of the six Marks. Symphony in white no@The White Girl.

 

Gustavo Courbet was a French artist, who was mostly considered a self-taught artist; he lived from 1819 to 1877.He was involved in politics. His involvement in talking down a Napoleonic Era artifact led him to spend years in prison. Courbet painted many self-portraits, landscapes and nudes.

 

He showed his works in a place called the Salon. Courbet, for a brief period, operated a studio; the studio; the studio became quite unsuccessful and closed. Courbet died in Switzerland and never returned to his beloved France because of a debt he owned.

 

He painted Hiffernan, because Whistler introduced them. Courbet did not paint the women in the painting, truly either. Although there was some controversy about his painting being a lesbian representation, the Sleepers may not be lovers sleeping together. They could be seen as two friends, the artist doesn’t tell us. It is possible that Courbet saw Hiffernan as more of a child when he painted this painting.

 

Whistler continued painting; he painted a women named Louisa Hanson. Whistler and Louisa had a child together, a son whose name was Charles James Whisler Hanson, as he was christened. Louisa Fanny Hanson went away some time later and possibly suffered depression.

 

The reader should realize she was a special person of her time, although a stereotypical red-haired, hot blooded Irish women. Hiffernan helped Whistler in the sales of his works and Hiffernan kept the house clean. If Hiffernan was really portrayed by these two painters as she was, she would have been in a motherly pose as she was a very nurturing person. If Whistler’s Mother was in; because Whistler’s Mother is thought of in that era as a prime example of motherhood;Hifferman did not fit that model. An example of reality would be Hiffernan holding Charles, Whistler’s son. This painting could be called Arrangement in Gray and Black No2: Portrait of Maiden Motherhood.

 

If Courbet had painted Hifferenan correctly, she would be painted looking at a wave or holding a child’s hand. This painting could be called Wave No2.So nobody really Joanna Hiffernan, because no one looked at her the way she was, a mother, not an apparition or angel a real modern women, who loved modernism artists.

 

Bibliography

 

1.Harden,Mark J.James Mcneil Whistler http://www.glyphs.com/art/whistler/ ,2005

 

2.Spaulding,Frances Olga’s Gallery http://www.abcgallery.com/W/whistler/whistler.html,2008

 

3.Witcombe ,Christopher L. , Art and Artist: Art for Art’s Sake. New York: Rutledge Publishing,1993.

 

[1] Mark Harden an Art lover writes about James Whistler.

 

[2] Christopher L Witcombe explains “Art for Art Sake”, in simply terms.

 

[3] Mark Harden continues to modernize our views of James Whistler.

 

[4] Gustavo Courbet was very could friends with James Whistler

 

[5] Lesbian would not be a term used during these artists lifetime.

 

[6] Depression was known as melancholy or the blues during these artists life.

The War of 1812 Andrew Jackson/William Harrison

by Daniel Vliet on 06/20/13

"I know what I am fit for. I can command a body of men in a rough way; but I am not fit to be President." Andrew Jackson [1]

 

“Fresh from the backwoods, Half-horse, half alligator, a little touched with the snapping turtle; can wade the Mississippi, leap the Ohio, ride upon a streak of lighting, and slip without a scratch down a honey locust; can whip my weight in wild cats-hug a bear too close for comfort”. Davey Crockett self portrait[2]

 

Introduction

 

Andrew Jackson was a thought of as a tough Tennessee man. He dueled people who wronged him with guns. He fought his whole life. Jackson Perhaps was scraping, like he still had his brothers alive. He was trying to get all he can, to settle all his scores. Maybe, he wanted instant retribution, rather then delayed retribution; after his boyhood trauma with the British. He probably wanted scores settled now. How did the war affect Andrew Jackson and William Harrison? The answer to the question is simply. The War of 1812, should have been a good release for Andrew Jackson. He no longer had to avenge his family’s death. Most of his family died during the Revolution. William Harrison was also very tough, but he probably was more law abiding then Andrew Jackson. This is not a compare and contrast essay on Andrew Jackson and William Harrison, this is an informative paper on both men.[3]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Childhood

 

Andrew Jackson was an important man; which brought the present United States into existence. His military service began when he was only thirteen. He was messenger during American Revolution. He was captured and used as slave .One recorded time is when a British officer asked Andrew to shine his boots. Andrew refused and he got hurt by the British officer; his injuries were on his hand and face. He was later was put in a cell. Andrew and his brother got smallpox’s. Andrew and his brother got released; but his brother died real soon after getting home. Later his mother died while serving her country as a nurse. She died of probably a combination of Ship Fever or Cholera, or maybe Smallpox. Andrew’s father died when he was little. Andrew had little family left. Andrew Jackson had deep hatred of British for the rest of his life; these were the thing the drove this man to fight. At the start of War of 1812; Jackson life was not doing well.[4]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Temperament

 

His Scottish-Irish temper which was mainly used as a tool rather then an unpredictable sudden rash outburst; got him in trouble often; but his temper was his way, he got his message across.[5]

 

Dueling; which is ritual act of shooting a particular person from a distance, got Jackson into trouble. A man named Charles Dickson said something bad about his wife, who was in her second marriage. Dickson died from dueling with Jackson. Jackson carried ammunition inside his body due to his dueling, for the rest of his life.[6]

 

Andrew Jackson was Major General of Tennessee militia. In 1812, he was accepted into the regular army. He was sent with 1,500 troops to Natchez and then New Orleans. Jackson was not needed and ordered back by the War Department. He went back to Tennessee with no help from the government. In his traversing back; in woods his troops thought he was as tough has a Hickory tree; he was given the name “Old Hickory”. Tennesseans were glad to see their boys were home.

 

Jackson luck seemed to change; but a matter of poor judgment accrued. Jackson attitude made him jump in front of two fighting soldiers in Nashville. This action got Jackson’s upper left arm hurt.[7]

 

Andrew Jackson toward the Native Americans

 

In 1813, Jackson needed to do something to keep the Creek Nation under control, these were Native Americans. They were out of control at a place called Fort Mims, this is now Alabama. Jackson won many campaigns against the Indian, known as the Creeks. Jackson fought them in two places; Tallushatchee and Talladega. Jackson was still recovering from his upper left arm injury, he got in Nashville.[8]

 

Some of Jackson soldier’s time was up, and they were released from their term of service on time. Jackson’s Army got replacements of 5,000 troops.

 

The Creek War ended at Horseshoe bend, when the Creeks were overrun by Jackson’s forces. Jackson effort made Tennessee safer by building military roads and forts.[9]

 

1814 Jackson got the Creek Nation to sign a treaty called “The Treaty of Fort Jackson”. This treaty made the Creek move from 23 acres; to smaller land. This was done so the United States could move threw its territory better.[10]

 

Jackson’s intelligence gathered; they found out that New Orleans or Mobile was going to be attacked during the “War of 1812.” Major General Jackson acted with a since of hurry. He had to get Mobile defenses up. Jackson even attacked Spanish Florida. He probably had to do it; so the British could not get help; or use Spanish Florida for an escape like the Sioux Indian do.[11]

 

Andrew Jackson Rallying Troops

 

Jackson armies were a ragtag band of rebels consisting of soldiers from Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana and the Mississippi territory. It even consisted of pirates; one famous pirate was Jean Lafitte. Lafitte ran his own business; his own way. Lafitte gave three presidents problems. The British wanted his services but he chose the United States side; because he liked are Constitution. After soldering; he continued living life his way.

 

This outnumbered band had beaten the best army in world. Jackson used his own form of trench warfare, in “The Battle of Chalmette”; which is more known as “The Battle of New Orleans” .Jackson used psychological warfare; he used music in this battle; the song that was playing during the battle; was “Yankee Doodle Dandy”. The most official numbers of deaths for the British were 2,037; and the United States side was 13 killed and 39 wounded. This battle made him very well known for his ability to get his troops to hold their ground.[12]/[13]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Political Beginnings

 

Jackson continued his service in the Untied States Army. He saw Indians as a Homeland Security issues. He then spent his time consolidating the Nations of Creeks, Chickasaws and Cherokees and Choctaws , threw treaties. These Indian tribes were moved to smaller lands during Jackson’s talks with these tribes.[14]

 

Jackson’s attacked Florida for the second time. Spanish decides to sell Florida to United States. This deal; is a treaty known as”Adams Ohis Treaty”. In 1821 Jackson resigned his Military rank as Major General to become Governor of the Florida Territory. This was the start of his re-launching of his political career; which led to Jackson being the seventh president of the United States.[15]

 

Andrew Jackson’s Conclusion

 

The interruption of Andrew Jackson is, threw the Looking Glass, I saw the British and the Indians take everything I am. Andrew Jackson did not think of himself fit to be president. The duality of Jackson was he desired revenge. But when the he got revenge it was not a release he thought it should be. Like the bullet Jackson carried with him and the scar on his face and perhaps his arm bothered him. His physical pains could not be transcend, his emotional sufferings of the Revolution and The War of 1812, made life hard.Jackon’s Post Traumatic like symptoms led to much of his erratic behavior, because he thought it was right he did it. This is the measure of this man that made him the right man for the job. His physically suffering were outside sign of his inside suffering, hopefully, peace has found Jackson now.

 

William Harrison’s Beginnings

 

William was born in one of his families homes. Benjamin Harrison Father was a person who had pledged his sacred fortune for the rights of a free America, being a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Harrison started adulthood wanting to be a doctor. Harrison entered the service without talking to his family and guardians. Harrison worked in the Army as a recruiter he had eighty men under his commend. In the summer of 1797 he became Captain. William Harrison left the army life the first time in 1798.[16]/[17]

 

William Harrison’s Middle Life

 

Harrison left the military and returned to his farm were his sons and daughters lived and his beloved wife. Harrison became a war hero in the War of 1812. Harrison moved on from the military. He got into local politics and advocated for Militia reorganization and relief for veterans from 1816-1819.In 1831 until 1832 he was paying off his deceased sons debts, who died in previous years. Harrison became very ill during these years. William Harrison kept talking to all his friends and started the run for the presidency.15/[18]

 

William Harrison’s End of his life

 

In 1841 Harrison became Commander and Chief. Old Tippecanoe died after being in office for about a month. Harrison just hardly settled on his cabinet before the influenza knocked him dead. This was the end of the man who fought in The Battle of Tippecanoe, a hero of the War of 1812.[19]

 

William Harrison’s Conclusions

 

William Harrison did a lot for Indian rights during his political career, this gives historian the impression that he had not a mean streak against the Nations of Indigenous Americans that most American people seemed to have. It is interesting that William Harrison is not listed among the people in early history that fought for veteran’s right. It is a shame that he not listed with Abraham Lincoln, Omar Bradley and George Washington, fighting for veteran’s causes. Another curiosity, what was William Harrison plans. What if he had lived to finish a complete term as president? Harrison probably would have fought for less globalization. Harrison would have been an advocate for farmer’s rights. William Harrison may have established the right deal which would have helped veteran and other less fortunate people. William Harrison would have made a good on all his promises to the American people, just a life cut to short…[20]

 

Conclusions

 

In conclusions there is no compare and contrast between the two men. They both moved motivate their troops very different ways. Their political parties and politics views were very different, about the only thing to compare is they both became president. William Harrison seemed more likeable and more of a people person. Andrew Jackson was a keep to himself type man. What is good with America is the difference of leadership and how democracy is ever changing and evolving and revolving and becoming reborn. The permanent laws of lands are exactly what the United States will always need. The documents of the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution is perfect in its design, the phoenix government is ideal and perfect, and the Founding Fathers said” It was Good, and they rested”…

 

Work Cited

 

1) http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

2) http://www.americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=7, Author Unknown, C-Span 2005, National Cable Satellite Corporation.

 

3)http://www.course-notes.org/biographies/andrewjackson.htm, Author Unknown, AP Us Notes, 2003.

 

4)http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/nc/bio/public/jackson.htm#Revolution, Author unknown, Information Services Branch of the State Library of North Carolina, 2004.

 

5)http://www.sierratoysoldier.com/Battle%20of%20New%20Orleans.htm, Author Unknown, (2005).

 

6) http://www.gatewayno.com/history/Lafitte.html; De Grummond, Jane Lucas, The Baratararians and The Battle of New Orleans (1961).

 

7) http://www.crimelibrary.com/americana/lafitte/main.htm, Author unknown Courtroom Television Network (2005).

 

8) Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

9) David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[1] David Johnson, Presidential Quotes

 

Words from each American president,

 

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/presquotes1.html, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc

[2] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

[3] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[4] http://www.course-notes.org/biographies/andrewjackson.htm, Author Unknown, AP Us Notes, 2003.

 

[5] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[6] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[7] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[8] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[9] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[10] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[11] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[12] http://www.crimelibrary.com/americana/lafitte/main.htm, Author unknown Courtroom Television Network (2005).

 

[13] http://www.sierratoysoldier.com/Battle%20of%20New%20Orleans.htm, Author Unknown, (2005).

 

[14] http://www.thehermitage.com/indexHome.htm, Author Unknown, The Ladies’s Hermitage Association, 2005

 

[15] http://www.gatewayno.com/history/Lafitte.html; De Grummond, Jane Lucas, The Baratararians and The Battle of New Orleans (1961).

 

[16] David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[17] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

[18] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

9David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[19] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,

 

1945

 

9David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

 

[20] Dorothy Goebel,Generals in the White House,DoubleDay,Doran and Company,Inc,1945

 

9 David A.Durfee,W.H.HARRISON 1773 -1841 J.TAYLOR 1790-1862,Oceana Publications,Inc,1970

Hip Hop Fashion may of helped to ends a Apartheid

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

Introduction

 

The late 20th century fashions were influenced by a more worldly concern for their fellow man. The immersions of rap,is a direct correlation of ancient Negro Spiritual song or chants, these artist invaded fashion, nothing like their opponents 20 years earlier the British invasions of the 60’s was nothing like the 80’s.What where the early rapper saying, what where the early rockers saying, perhaps just simply peace not war. This report is an oral history on why the African - American children wore African colored cloths in the late 20th century.

 

The history of the 20th century only focused on few blacks standouts. A high school scholar would get the impression the blacks where never free. Why because 20 years is not history and from a history book perspective writing about the civil rights movements of the 60’s was not history to 80’s scholars. The difference and the savior of the education of blacks in the early 20th century are improvements and advancements of Black History Month, a holiday in February. If Black History month did not become popular in the later half the 20th century, most stories would have been lost to the 21st century. Although black history failed to be diverse and still fail in that respect it is a valid celebration. My major quarrel with the month is the absent mention of the heroes of WWI the Harlem Hellfire, they did great thing also, and they were just as good as the Tuskegee Airman.

 

The roots of the African necklace came in two forms a fist like the proud symbol of the Black panther of the 60’s; it was in the colors of Africa. The second version was the shape of continent Africa, it color where black red and green. Rappers like Public Enemy[1] originated wearing the colors of Africa, but wearing a African pride necklace seems to be unknown. Perhaps the necklace was trend the simply was done by those who could not afford close that where African colors. The necklaces worn by rappers were gold not rope and wood, like the African pride necklace popularized in the 80’s.

 

In conclusion what comes to mind is Nelson Mandela was still in Jail, the apartheid was part of African life. Were the former Buffalo Soldiers and slaves really showing soldiery for their African counterparts by wearing clothing that ties them to their native lands? The education was not their, texts books were lacking a teaching beyond the 18th century in the United States. High school children were merely trying to imitate Run DMC and LLcoolJ[2], not trying to end apartheid.

 

Bibliography

 

Boldartist Oral History, Self Reported,2008

 

kingice.com, Hip Hop Fashion, http://www.kingice.com/hip-hop-fashion.aspx

 

Ispas Marin , A Brief History of Hip Hop Fashion,22nd November 2005

 

http://www.articlealley.com/article_16650_34.html

 

[1] kingice.com

[2] Martin

Just War ( Pigs in a Blanket) (Manifest Destiny)

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

 An old story isn’t as big of a problem as the age old battle, of the big guys and the little guys. The world view of the characters in The Modern Day Three Little Pigs could be seen in many ways, one way is a simple life of harmony with nature is the best and right way to be, in the pig’s world. The villain, who was a wolf with big guns and dental picks in his mouth, was really a capitalist dog. The little pigs in the end where just as bad as the wolf in the story, do to their socially economic issues; they had to construct their shack out of discarded courtroom materials in a manner that would surely fail every safety code inspections. While reading the story there was not a real proof of land ownership, the pig clearly just homesteaded and developed were they please. If a public archives existed, a deed or mortgage would probably not be awarded by the wolf either.

 

One thing the wolf should have done was to make his condominiums happen was he should’ve asked pigs if they needed a job. This would show a heart of gold by not blowing their house in. The pigs could have helped the community by building a big school or cleaning the pools. The pigs could be given homes, kept clean for the common good of the community these pigs could have been the spiritual leaders of the utopian society promoting good in prosperity where ever they went more diplomacy such as treaties should’ve been done between these two animal species they should’ve been able to coexist.

 

The Wolf could have become vegetarians, like in the Disney movie Pixar’s “Finding Nemo”, this was illustrated when the great white shark named Bruce, spearheaded a support group. Other humanitarian efforts such as food drives could have made the world a better place.

 

In history more diplomacy was needed just as in the Civil War, in the United States. The Americans should fight pollution not each other. The Beatles were a 1960s rock ‘n roll group, many made opinions, rather then listening to what the Beatles had to say, like give peace a chance. Politician need to give peace a chance, it is not the American dream, to do anything different.

 

Can we not place on a global scale the pigs story, are we not all minutes away from becoming homeless by big brother. The divine creator with certain care has given all the ability to pursue happiness; war should make us sick, this stage in the game. “Just war” did apply to the pigs, the pigs bad breath was a form of a bombardment. Like American and other countries have before the pigs took up arms in hopes to get rid of their attacker.

 

Other stories, like the “Lord Of The Ring Series” , had the one Ring to rule them all, should we, are we not has gentle as a hobbits, we must control our urges to use the ring, if we fail, we will lose our souls. Failings at trying, busting a gut to end a war, with a simply spell like the one Ring, one great missile, will could take over and rule West Bank of our time.

 

The pig story shows a community that joins together so they can get any common enemy out we can defend ourselves. The pigs did a great job forming a brigade, one thing for sure they only mean business. The pigs know how, will only work against the simple bad Wolf oppressor. The final climax of the story is the wolf died; the story said it was due to diet the wolf could have been also due to the search of greed, and his love of money. The wolf manifest destiny was unclear. A community of pigs was not the United Nations. Why was an Army not sent to help the Wolf? The pigs were still childlike in their ways, the one thing the wolf must of felt was shame before he died, beaten by pigs. The author of this essay probably thought the Wolf should have been out hunting caribou. The author tries to illustrate how power changes us, the story is example of violence and it is an inability to never solve anything. Just like the old Beatles song “Give Peace a Chance”. Gentleness is hopefully the wave of the future.

 

The Classic Three Little Pig Story has been modernized to have the pigs being thrown off their land by the wolf instead of eaten. The Wolf wanted to build condo. This story was found on an internet site that was called: www. humorhubcom, not able to find

Bats in the United States Army

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

Many Military Installations are also places were endangered animals are; one such endanger animal is bats.30 years ago Military Installations were far out of the way places; and now time has caught up with that. Now, places get survive without the bases around them. Unfortunate; this industrialism effects the littlest amongst us; and that is the bats. There are 45 kinds of bats in the world; 6 kinds are almost gone.

 The current superheroes of bats are; Engineer Research and Development Center Environmental Laboratory it is in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The ERDC has a sidekick they are Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, in Champaign Illinois. Many installations have done Bat Fauna survey, the last survey that were done on bats was in summer 2004.Their are 20 bases that have some of the endangered bats; some are the names of the endangered bats are, Indiana Bats and Gray Bats. Fort Knox, Kentucky they did a 3 year study, the studied what happen to bats when there is a lot of noise and what that does to their eating behavior. Fort Knox, Kentucky has six active tank ranges, because Fort Knox; is where army trains tankers; Tanks fire 120 millimeter tank rounds. The Bradley M2A3, fighting vehicles fires 25 millimeter rounds. All these different degrees of loud noises effect bats, including choppers and the good old 50 caliber machine guns. The technology used to research bats is such a device called Anabat Two; it is the ultra sonic bat detector. This device is used to pick up bat language. The language is interrupted by computer software, the Anabat Two and computers work together. This Technology has a hard tome telling bats apart from their shrieks. A Thermal Infrared Camera is used to look at bats, it has a heat censor.

 Bats are very lucky to have “Engineers” looking after them. This is the end of summary on this article.

 Work Cited

 1)“Bat Men: Scientists Help protect Bats on Military Installations”; Ms. Stefanie A. Gardin, Engineer, the Professional Bulletin of Army Engineer, October-December 2004, PB 5-04-4.

United States V.S Ancient Ghana

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

When culture develops their always is a need to trade for different thing. one can not grow or make. Sometimes this simply is trading for one item, for a different one. Often times buying something is called wheeling and dealing. If a store makes you haggle for a price this is known has the barter system. It is believed the United States would have had to have limited money, when the colonies where established. Since British money was in short supply. How do the needs of certain cultures perpetuate them along their path of existence? How does the historical United States compare to the primitive cultures of Africa.

 The continent of Africa has within it, the city of Ghana. The city of Ghana has a lot of gold surrounding its history. One could do a compare and contrast between the gold in Ghana in 300-1000 A.D to the gold that was found in California, during the California Gold Rush in 1849.Ghana should have had the imagery of a place where streets were paved with gold rather the United States of the early 20th Century. Since Ghana even had gold silverware and statues. Ancient Ghana still had its dependence on other parts of world; Ghana desired salt which it could not produce. The United States a seemingly wealthy society depend on oil, produce and workers to maintain its economy. The difference between the United States of the 21st Century and Ancient Ghana is Ghana did not have the means to make its own salt. The United States has the farm land and workers. The United States has the means to no longer need oil. So is their dumbning effect because of sloth or original sin. Did Ancient Ghana need salt; has much as the average modern American needs gas for his or her car?

 In conclusion Ancient Ghana was making wiser choices, because its dependence on salt was justified for spiritual growth, which would lead to better mental heath. The salt was not just used for flavor food it was used to preserve food. Salt was used in ritual bathing and general purification and household cleaning. The many uses of salt versus the limited uses of oil, still puts Ancient Ghana ahead in the priorities department. The United States needs to use the formula used in Ancient Ghana, for its current endeavors. Does this business transaction promote the wealth and heath and well being of my community or does it hurt my community in some shape or form. Ancient Ghana grew up, where they good stewards, they gold in the 21st is not has much part of Ghana culture as it once. The United States has time to turn the page and learn not only from its past, but many other societies past, so it will not become history like Ancient Ghana

 Bibliography

 

1. Author Unknown ,Ancient Ghana Trade, Tangient LLC, http://ancientafricad.wikispaces.com/Ancient+Ghana+Trade,2008

 

2. The California Gold Rush, 1849" EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2003)

 

3. James C. Johnston Jr., The Numismatic Heritage of the Pilgrims...,. http://www.journalofantiques.com/Nov03/coinsnov03.htm,2003

Halloween Paper

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

This essay is a revised version of an English essay about Halloween. The valve of this is to measure how one changes writing styles throughout the years. This essay purpose to inform it’s readers about Halloween using a short overview format.

 

Halloween is a holiday that is often misunderstood. Halloween is meant for everyone, but children are often the main people involved. Many churches have problems with Halloween, do to it pagan roots. Long ago, this holiday was started, because of the fall solstice. This time for witches and warlocks were the most powerful, they had the most strength to cast spells and perform magic. Real goblin and other monsters walked the earth during these ancient times. This is why we currently put on costumes custom to carry on these beliefs and keep children safe from that evil one. Some christens church celebrate this holiday as a Fall Festival, candy is often provided at these church events. Mainly this is done probably to protect children. Halloween is often targeted by those who wish to create mischief. Churches and local organization always strive to make Halloween safe in many this way.

 

This holiday is misunderstood because most of agents of evil like Halloween. Truth is, it really is about having fun, not doing evil. Nobody really thinks they are going to have there children taken away by demons.

 

Halloween is safe, if parents are present. The Harvest Festivals will not take over Halloween, but people probably will always dress up. Halloween will be part of our culture, for many year come. Halloween celebration is not as bad practice. It is a person’s reason for celebration, which makes the holiday, not a right holiday for all. If one plans tricks rather then treats, then the Halloween “Esprit De Core” is damaged ,because all holiday should bring joy and peace, not anything else. All family events should be happy in some way or another, because that is what family is for.

Mon Dec 01 10:16:00 EST 2008 |

 

An Evolution Argument Paper about the Electoral College

electoral college

An Evolution Argument Paper about the Electoral College

 

Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton said, "I believe strongly that in a democracy, we should respect the will of the people and to me, that means it's time to do away with the Electoral College."

 

The Electoral College and how it is viewed throughout the United States democratic system is the subject of this paper. The people of the United States need to feel like the government is run by the people, not the politician running the country. This is why this check and balance systems are is in place. Some would consider the Electoral College one of these. This system is more commonly known has red states and blue states, in modern political terms. The Electoral College system has 538 electors that decide the president and the vice president of the United States of America. Each elector casts two votes to try to elect a 270 majority. The Electoral College political process has not been reevaluated in over thirty years and often times the electoral vote is in large conflict to the popular vote.

 

The argument against the Electoral College is that it does not include accurately out of country voters, such as soldiers deployed, who can’t vote. The Electoral College inflates small to large states .The Electoral College inaccurately represents places that are not within the 50 states, other places where American voters reside such as Puerto Rico.

 

Table 1. Electoral Vote Allocation by State, 2004-2008

 

State Electors

 

Alabama 9 Kentucky 8 North Dakota 3

 

Alaska 3 Louisiana 9 Ohio 20

 

Arizona 10 Maine 4 Oklahoma 7

 

Arkansas 6 Maryland 10 Oregon 7

 

California 55 Massachusetts 12 Pennsylvania 21

 

Colorado 9 Michigan 17 Rhode Island 4

 

Connecticut 7 Minnesota 10 South Carolina 8

 

Delaware 3 Mississippi 6 South Dakota 3

 

District of Columbia 3 Missouri 11 Tennessee 11

 

Florida 27 Montana 3 Texas 34

 

Georgia 15 Nebraska 5 Utah 5

 

Hawaii 4 Nevada 5 Vermont 3

 

Idaho 4 New Hampshire 4 Virginia 13

 

Illinois 21 New Jersey 15 Washington 11

 

Indiana 11 New Mexico 5 West Virginia 5

 

Iowa 7 New York 31 Wisconsin 10

 

Kansas 6 North Carolina 15 Wyoming 3( )

 

The people that are for the Electoral College are those that live in large states with more votes, because the majority is more likely are going to get heard. The Electoral College was written into the United States Constitution; its purpose was to help the government elect a vice president and president. Ron Paul a former participant in the 2008 president race states in a letter using the term “Mob Rule”. Ron Paul says “Sadly, we have forgotten that states created the federal government, not the other way around. The Electoral College system represents an attempt; however effective, to limit federal power and preserve states’ rights. It is an essential part of our federalist balance. It also represents a reminder that pure democracy, mob rule, is incompatible with liberty. The Electoral College system is a simple system in place, because the government has to make hard choices. What is popular does not make it right, hence mob rule and trial by jury. The Electoral College system is in place to represent the majority of the population.

 

The Electoral College was created by the founding fathers of the United States and perhaps this is a different side of the argument, in that, fifty states were not part of the original thinking of this design. The original design did not include in it the womens’ vote or the black vote. An example of the opposing view is the Electoral College does not represent the people at large, but rather only 538 people points of view. The goal of American political system is to count every vote. Clearly there are more in the United States then 538 people.

 

The Electoral College probably needs to be set up in a way that reflects the popular vote, perhaps by doing away with delegates and just holding an election for the nomination. The Electoral College has been debated and has been in dispute since its inception into politics at the dawn of the U.S. Constitution. The battle will perhaps always rage on in politics.

 

Bibliography

 

1. Byron York Democrats' dilemma ISSN (07347456),http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=J0E420607598308&site=ehost-live, USA TODAY; 05/28/2008.

 

0. This paper was useful in finding the current problem with the Electoral College and that is a candidate can when the popular vote but loses to the Electoral College. This paper included the quote used to introduce this paper.

 

2. Thomas H. Neale, The Electoral College: How It Works in

 

Contemporary Presidential Elections(RS20273) ,CRS Report for Congress http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/28109.pdf, September 8, 2003

 

  1. Thomas H. Neale explains in simply terms the Electoral College. This paper is interesting because it points out; electors are not senators or even politician at all.

2. Rep. Ron Paul, MD, The Electoral College vs. Mob Rule, http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul214.html, November 2, 2004

 

0. This paper is a nice paper perspective on Ron Paul.

 

3 NARA/ Electoral College, Frequently Asked Questions, http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/faq.html

 

0.This website provides stats and the numbers that go along with the Electoral College.


Private Joe Snuffy does not know his multiplication tables

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

Veteran’s cares over the last decades have been moving towards increases the Montgomery GI Bill. How does this help all veterans of all wars and periods of service? The purpose of this proposal is to address the fallacy of simple giving veterans more money to go to school. This practice only helps veterans who are in a perfect state of mind spiritually, mentally and physically. Many increase come from somewhere, so it clearly stands to reason anywhere there is increase there was a decrease somewhere else, and most of time it is from sluggish programs with big budgets, that may be needed.

 

In February of 2005 the Veterans Affairs was backlogged with Veterans disability claims in the numbers reaching 800,000.It is required that a veteran to be at least 20 percent disability rating to get vocational rehabilitation, rating take veterans six months to a year to get. Vocational rehabilitation program was meant for veterans with disabilities that are severe enough that the veteran probably needs to sit at a desk, and can not a standing job.

 

If the main benefit for United States Veterans is having the GI Bill to get a college education, then what about those who lack basic skills. The veteran who suffered injuries in which they need to relearn everything, or simply they been out of school for to long. Programs exists to help veterans who either did not learn the basics the first time, meaning when he or she got there high school diploma or G.E.D. Veteran who needs to be in these college prep programs should get a type of cost of living allowance. Assuming every veteran can go straight to school is an error of congress and the Veterans Affairs.

 

National Association of Veterans Upward Bound Project Personnel (NAVUBPP) is a money grant for school and university apply for it is more commonly known as the Veterans Upward Bound programs. The United States only has 46 programs in the country; these mean it is not easily accessible for every veteran. The program gives veteran help with basic Math and English skills. The Veterans Upward Bound programs if offers basic computer skills. A veteran attend these program after completing a college entrance exam and coming to the conclusion that his or her test scores are to low to attend a college level course for college credit.

 

A veteran with learning disabilities would include veterans who have been diagnosis with post traumatic stress disorders, traumatic brain injuries and personality disorder. A veteran who is overweight may have trouble learning simply because he or she may have trouble sleeping, thus making concentration in school difficult. One of system of Post traumatic stress disorders is anxiety this makes learning difficult, a veteran can use up their GI Bill because they need to repeat course because of their veteran issues.

 

Many soldiers have been discharged with a personality disorders since 2001.The number of soldier who fall under the Army Chapter 5-13 have been 22,000 soldiers. The veterans who receive this discharge need more then just the GI Bill. A Personality Disorder simply means that military service did not affect the soldier in any way and the soldier had Attention deficit disorder or any other disorder that can be found in Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorder(DSM). Mental heath disorders clearly hinder getting a college degree, which would stop veterans from being productive member of society. A degree and a solid career would make a veterans disorder perhaps none existents. Soldiers that get Chapters do not get a rating until they apply for veteran’s compensation. Veterans need more then just to be welcomed home, that does not mean they are home, the need a quality of life that they had in military.

 

On the medical side Veteran Affairs has announced 37.7 million of it 3 billion dollar budget helps veterans with unseen injuries, in 2007. Veteran Medical Faculties has been rated and or polled to be better then civilian medical facilities. The internet and numerous publications have made veterans and soldier’s issue on the forefront.

 

Veteran’s cultures do not want a hand out, but in battle there is at times a need for a change of plans. Government monies need to go in the direction to help veterans who have trouble with basics education, before any veteran can attend Colleges or Universities for credit towards a degree. Veterans want three hot meals and cot that they earned by their bare hands, not on the backs and sweat of others. Veterans care needs to be balanced not lop sided towards continuing increasing the Montgomery GI Bill, but ensuring every veteran can get a career they deserve.

 

Bibliography

 

1. Tim Dyhouse,22,000 troops Discharged with “Personality Disorder”(Washington Wire), VFW, Veterans of Foreign Wars; Sep 2007;95,1.

Should animals be made to work for humans? (Does Sgt.Spot want to reup?)

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

 “Our Maritime forces are hard at work supporting air operations, maintaining security to the Arabian Gulf for all shipping and completing the difficult task of de-mining Iraqi waters.” Major General Victor Renuart

 It is ethical to use animals for national security, providing they are compensated like humans who are in the armed forces. Animal should only be used if they are given food and shelter and are released after a period of service, and their direct occupation does not lead to their death. The different types of animals used in the military are very diverse. Pigeons are used to detect toxic chemicals; some pigeon die to do their jobs. Dolphins detect land mines underwater. Dogs are used for protection and companionship and also sniff out landmines. Animals have been used since the beginning of time, in cleaning up before and after conflicts.

 Animals were widely used throughout the ages, but in the 20th century many animal saved lives. Cher Ami a Carrier Pigeon served in World War One and saved 200 Americans from the Germans during the Great War, simply by delivering a message. Three horses, who worked with allied forces during The Second World War, made gallant choices much like humans do, to complete the mission rather then run. Olga worked the streets of war torn Tooting, South London. A bomb went off near the horse, the horse continued on; the horse “Sucked it up and drove on”. Upstart the horse completed all assigned duties in professional manner; even under bombardment. Regal the horse remained cool when a bomb hit the horse’s stable. Sadie the Labrador, a dog for the 21st century found stuff in Iraq, Bosnia and Kosovo. Sadie was working in Afghanistan in a United Nation Compound. The dog searched out explosives in an odd place, a metal pressure cooker. The explosives would have been set off by remote control if the explosives were not found; Lance Corporal Yardley was the dog’s handler. The animal in war history did get awards; put did they really get a place of honor equal to humans.

 According to The United States War Dog Association, many dogs never got to come home after most wars. There was too much fear of disease, and other social economic factors. Several million dogs have died in military history. It is believed that 4,900 dogs were used in the Vietnam War, but many of these American heroes were left in Vietnam. Many dogs were lost to mines and abandonment. The United States government trained 10,000 soldiers to be dog handler. Dogs have and are being used to detect land mines and are able to recognize the existence of other life altering tormenting traps. Germans Sheppard, are often used because of their keen sense of smell, above and beyond that of other breeds.

 Research by Ann Goth, Ian G. Mcleon and James Trevelyan shown in How do dogs detect landmines, A Summary of Research. There are several types of different scents the land mines have and the dogs are trained to detect. Some mines are not metal, they are made with plastic or some cases, wood, and this is why a dog’s olfactory skills are important, according to Sandia National Laboratories (2007).

 Dogs have other animals’ allies an insect, a bee. Bees work to fight to restore safe lands back to civilians, and that’s by making honey. Honey bees travel and gather pollen, the also look for TNT a chemical in landmines. Many countries use dogs to get landmines off their lands, these civilizations are aided by honey bees and dogs, and of course humans help a little.

 The ethical question is animals do not know what is at stake; they are doing things to please humans. In the military it is not about who is stronger in a unit. Every member of the unit is green. So if member is green, every one is a volunteer. Dogs and Cats and any other kind of animals needs to be evaluated by doctor and asked” Does Sergeant Spot want to reenlist”. A qualified doctor gets the answer simply by the animal’s attitude and condition. Animals are given training, shelter and food and human bond with their animals they take into harms way.

 The Conclusion of the use of animals in dangerous situation will be debated for years to come. As technology advances the use of animals will get less and less. Robots and other technology may never be sophisticated enough to smell. Robots may have to find things like landmines using magnets or a probe method, similar to how animal find mans desired objects. Humankind expects an animals to do a days work, they surely no one can argue all four legged and winged and finned service member deserve more then to be put to sleep or abandonment after tours of duty, they are American heroes just as their human companions, and deserve equal companions for equal work…

 “The team works in both deep and shallow waters, looking for mines and marking them. Dolphins have been used like this by the U.S. Navy for more than 30 years, and have proved themselves more reliable robots, unlike robots the dolphins neither run out of power nor have problems communicating from the seabed” Pentagon Spokesman

 

Bibliography

 

1. Justice ,Dolphins Help Spot Mines in Iraq War, http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/875625/posts, Mar 25, 2003

 

2. Harriet Arkell, K-DOG the mine hunter

 

http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-3994516-details/K-DOG+the+minehunter/article.do, Evening Standard, 2008

 

3. HomeOfHeroes.com, Cher Ami (Dear Friend) http://www.homeofheroes.com/wings/part1/3b_cherami.html

 

4. The United States War Dogs Association, War Dogs, Inc,http://www.uswardogs.org/,2008

 

5.Ann Goth, Ian G. Mcleon and James Trevelyan , How do dogs detect landmines, A Summary of Research www.gichd.ch/fileadmin/pdf/publications/MDD/MDD_ch5_part1.pdf

 

6. Jerry Bromenshenk ,Sandia National Laboratories, Sandia, University of Montana researchers try training bees to find buried landmines, http://www.sandia.gov/, April 27, 1999

 

7. thisislondon.co.uk ,The cats and dogs of war get their own VCs at special awards ceremony

 

http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23427510- details/The+cats+and+dogs+of+war+get+their+own+VCs+at+special+awards+ceremony/article.do, Evening Standard, 2008

 

8. WorldNetDaily.com, OPERATION: IRAQI FREEDOM

 

PETA slams use of dolphins in war

 

Describes having marine mammals clear underwater mines as 'cruel' ,http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=31713,March 25, 2003

Freedom from the State, Not the lack of Religion and Faith church and state

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

“Almighty God, Who has been given us this land for our heritage; We humbly beseech Thee that we may always prove ourselves a people mindful of Thy favor and glad to do Thy will. Bless our Land with honorable ministry, sound learning, and pure manners. Save us from violence, discord, and confusion, from pride and arrogance, and from every evil way. Defend our liberties, and fashion into one united people the multitude brought hither out of many kindred and tongues. Endow with Thy spirit of wisdom those to whom in Thy Name we entrust the authority of government that there may be justice and peace among the nations of the earth. In time of prosperity fill our hearts with thankfulness, and in the day of trouble, suffer not our trust in Thee to fail; all of which we ask through Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen.”

 

Thomas Jefferson: A National Prayer for Peace March 4, 1805

 

The separation of church and state has been a legal monster and has been misunderstood from the dawn of American politics. The purpose of the separation of church and state means the United States has no established religion. The reason establishing a religion is not good is it would cause a dangerous place for people of other religions, since the Bill of Rights would still included a freedom of religion amendments. Large churches like the Roman Catholic Church or the Greek Orthodox churches would have control over places like New York, and have great political power, perhaps a type of fascism. Currently Paganism is the largest growing religion in the world; historically Pagans never had believers in Jesus Christ Hunts. It’s important to remember that a student may where religious objects and sing religious songs and say” May God/Goddess bless you”.

 

From the start of the primordial atom, man has put religion against politics. Religion had Jesus Christ crucified, thru politics. The state should make no law which imposes a religion on the masses, it is a good idea. Would the Civil War went different if the South where Catholic and the North where protestant. Humankind can never separate religion from politics, but should the effort be done at all.

 

The separation of church and state misunderstanding is that it applies to a large department. If Delaware passes a Bill the all Catholics need to pay $50.00 dollars service tax on any dealings with the Motor Vehicle Department, would this imposed tax mean that Delaware has made an established religion. The bill should be called “Fund the Reformation Tax”. The bill gives a discount to all other religious faiths. Atheist and non establishment religion pays a service tax of $65.00 dollars. If this mock bill were around it clearly does not protect the citizens on matters of faith and religion.

 

Earth-based religions need not be thrown of by the wording of Church and State. A May pole, celebration can take place, as long as the proper permits from the states where done, a Catholic Mass could take place outdoors also. Religion is not required to be hidden, faith has freedom.

 

A congress member from Texas named Ron Paul has noticed the reduction of Nativity scenes and even Handel’s Messiah around Christmas. The Merry Christmas has been replaced with Happy Holidays in public uttering and decorations simply because of “Separation of Church and State”. In December 2003 a Chicago firefighter was made to take Christmas decorations. Rep. Ron Paul, MD sees a war on religion, does the everyman. Michael Newdow a doctor and a lawyer who took a case before the 9th Circuit of appeals in 2002, he won the case to have “Under God” removed from the Pledge of Allegiances, temporality .His case stopped the loyalty oath from being said in western states because of a legal hold . This case was revisited by a higher court. Newdow later argued the case which was known as Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow, in the Supreme Court, on 14 June 2004. Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow was dismissed by the Supreme Court; he had no legal case to sue for his daughter since he had no legal custody. In 2005 Michael Newdow went to challenge the legal use of “In God in Trust”. In 2007 this case because it was motto, which did not infringe and anyone rights, he lost.

 

The introduction of “Separation of Church and State” was an effort to make the United States free from any war on education, politics and community. The poor education in United States has made understanding of the American structure of the United States doctrine difficult for any average Joe or Joann to understand. Separation of Church and State is important, but the protections to the individual and the masses must be understood. It is not a piece of politics that protects people from religion and faith, but it does protect from corrupt religious and faith based practices.

 

Bibliography

 

1. Ben Rast ,Separation of Church and State? Don’t Blame Thomas Jefferson., Contender Ministries, March 26,2003. http://www.contenderministries.org/artticles/separationmythPF.php

 

2. Rep. Ron Paul, MD, The War on Religion,LewRockwell.com,http://www.lewrockwell.com/paul/paul148.html

 

3. Soylent Communications ,Michael Newdow, http://www.nndb.com/people/981/000049834/,2008

 

4. California Catholic Daily, If at first you don’t succeed…, http://www.calcatholic.com/news/newsArticlePrintable.aspx?id=3c1b1af5-bd9a-48da-bdd2-8e02ef65565c,2007

 

Will Johnny March Home Again?(Analysis of Veterans’ Care)

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

Table of Contents:

 

Purpose of this analytical report…………………………………………………………………………………

 

Citizenship…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Veterans’ Syndrome…………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Education……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Transportation………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

V.A. Claim………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Debt Relief Proposal………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

The Last Muster Program……………………………………………………………………………………

 

Conclusions and Recommendations……………………………………………………………………

 

Glossary………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Purpose of this analytical report:

 

Veterans’ care should be geared towards veterans being able to be successful in the civilian world. The dignity of the human condition depends upon our responsibility to the individuals who protect our freedom. We as the United States public should not want to create a sub-society of soldiers and spit them out when they can no longer function on the job. This is key to having a volunteer army… you simply take care of them. The principals and practices of our founding fathers had been born out of this concept. An honest day’s work should lead to prosperity of one’s family. Any officer or enlisted service member would say that war is horrible. These individuals know this when they take the oath, however they do this with the promise that whatever happens to them in defending freedom, their country will support them. Our system of medical care has fallen short of that promise. The promised total care which includes mental illness, post traumatic stress disorder, alcoholism and other conditions has not been fulfilled. The credo that a soldier has to “suck it up and drive on” may be true for those on active duty but for veterans it is not.

 

Citizenship:

 

All United States soldiers are citizen-soldiers. This concept is key to understanding the precepts of democracy. The private rights are sacrificed when on active duty but the human rights are not. The army leadership must support the humanity of the individual in order to maintain a volunteer army. Certain rights must always be ensured to include: the right to worship, the right to improve oneself through education and the right to obtain legal counsel when needed. The life of a soldier often makes securing these rights difficult due to the environmental limitations. The absence of these conditions contributes to alienation of the individual. Many soldiers return from their active duty and continue on this path. Many end up homeless and unable to function in society.

 

Veterans’ Syndrome:

 

This is a disorder not characterized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. It is simply a condition or frame of mind a service member experiences when he or she feels cheated by the government that has defaulted on the promises previously mentioned. Our country is not unique in this regard nor is this point in history different from any other. One example is Revolutionary War soldiers who had to sell their pay vouchers simply to return home to their families. Another example is the Bonus March of the 1930’s where soldiers were labeled as communists because they wanted their bonus they were promised after World War One. A veteran today has no fear of getting into trouble for speaking out because this freedom is protected in the Veterans Bill of Rights. A veteran should no longer have to “suck it up and drive on”, he or she as a veteran has already completed the race.

 

Education:

 

The Montgomery GI Bill, although a good program in many ways, still has one fault. It is not automatically given to service members. A service member has to register for this or her course and then use their own money to get the program going. A veteran signs his intent to take classes and is responsible for the payment even if there are administrative problems in processing the veteran’s benefit. An additional problem is the original program enrollment which is limited to those soldiers who can afford to have $100.00 taken out of their check every month for a period of a year while enlisted on active duty. For many young service members this presents a barrier to acceptance of the GI Bill. A junior enlisted soldier is expected to feed and care for his family with the remaining $900.00 each month. Many, therefore, are forced to rely upon food stamps and WIC in order to survive. Many, unfortunately opt not to sign up for the Montgomery GI Bill and lose out on a benefit which can pay for 36 months of schooling.

 

After serving on active duty, it is difficult to transition to the life of a student while still maintaining a household. The limited financial benefits the military provides, often places the returning soldier in a position of indebtedness. Families often find it difficult to remain together as a result of army life. The soldier is then faced with all the difficulties of broken families.

 

My solution to the GI Bill problem is to give everyone an enlistment bonus without any contribution towards the GI Bill. This will enable everyone to have the same opportunities. Also, if a soldier chooses not to attend school, he or she should be able to transfer this benefit to another family member.

 

Transportation:

 

 

Facilities that treat veterans are not always conveniently located. Often there is no public transportation for a veteran to utilize in order to receive his or her medical care. Some organizations can be helpful but there services are unknown to many of the veterans who can utilize them. Organizations such as the American Legion have television time to advertise at no cost.

 

VA Claim:

 

Forms filled out and turned in to the Veterans’ Affairs office are often unacknowledged. The veteran has little recourse but to sit and wait for a call. The VA must locate medical records which can take up to a year’s time. These records could be housed in small clinics called tactical mobile clinics instead of large medical centers that are easily located. The records are often paper and not electronic. Many records are often lost or destroyed by environmental conditions.

 

The problems this causes the Veterans Affairs office are enormous. The hardship that the veteran experiences while waiting for a claim to be processed can be overwhelming. Many administrative requirements for determining eligibility are time-consuming. The bureaucracy of the Veterans Affairs office prevents the veteran from gaining access to the process itself. Often the applicant is in the dark.

 

The Veterans Affairs office schedules an exam called “compensation and pension exam”. After the exam the person decides upon the disability rating that the veteran will receive. This process is long and can

 

take several years including appeals.

 

Debt Relief Proposal:

 

Service members should get debt relief for two years after leaving the service. Service members get medical care for a few years and base privileges and commissary use. I am proposing they also get a fixed 9.0 rate on all credit cards. This would lessen the financial burden and help keep families together while still maintaining a healthy economy. This program should be something they have to activate so every veteran would have a chance to use it.

 

GI Fixed Interest Rate Program is another suggestion I think would help. This program could be used to help veterans improve their credit and recover from the years of hardship they and their families experienced while serving away from home. An agency could help the veteran develop a financial plan over time.

 

The Last Muster Program:

 

A program should be invented to follow up on service members and should be run much like a National Guard unit drill weekend. The duration of this program should be six months to a year. It should be a monitoring program to see if the service member is getting all his or her benefits. This program should be a program which offers a stipend to the veteran. The service member does some community outreach while in transition. The Last Muster Program will ensure that the veteran has an understanding of the available benefits. It can be administered by an existing program, “The Army Career Alumni Program” or ACAP. This organization can work with existing state entities which as state employment agencies. The Last Muster Program will ensure that the medical records from active duty are available to the follow-up medical center which will be treating the veteran. The Last Muster Program will help the soldier get his or her GI Bill benefits and other benefits available to the veteran. This program would reduce the number of homeless veterans and increase the chances of veterans to lead productive lives as contributing members of society.

 

Is our American society charging the poor amongst us to be productive or is it simply enabling some to become rich off the sacrifices of others? Does the average person wonder who those people are who are living under bridges? Let us say to our veterans that no longer must they “suck it up and drive on”. Instead, let us say that you have won the race and let us help everyone get on a new track.

 

Conclusions/Recommendations:

 

Education is paramount; some of my programs suggested may overlap. Many programs have been unchanged for over fifty years and need revision. United States politicians need to work on making life better for veterans. The veterans group is growing due to the war in the Middle East. We need to pay more attention to this issue. The question of Johnny returning home whole again can be answered if Americans are willing to do what is necessary to make that occur. Will all veterans be able to forgive their enemies and themselves and enjoy freedom? Let us home so as no one deserves it more.

 

MENTAL ILLNESS AND VETERANS

 

• The number of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans seeking treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder from the Department of Veterans Affairs jumped by nearly 20,000 — almost 70% — in the 12 months ending June 30, 2007, VA records show. [1]

 

• More than 100,000 combat veterans sought help for mental illness since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001, about one in seven of those who have left active duty since then, according to VA records collected through June. Almost half of those were PTSD cases.[1]

 

• The total of mental health cases among war veterans grew by 58% from 63,767 on June 30, 2006, to 100,580 on June 30, 2007, VA records show. The mental health issues include PTSD, drug and alcohol dependency, and depression. They involve troops who left the military and sought health care from the veterans department.[1]

 

• A study released on 3/12/07 stated that of 103,788 Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans seen at VA health care facilities, 25,658 (25%) received mental health diagnoses; 56% of whom had 2 or more distinct mental health diagnoses.[2]

 

• Overall, 32,010 (31%) of veterans in the 3/12/07 study received mental health and/or psychosocial diagnoses. The youngest group of OEF/OIF veterans (age, 18-24 years) were at greatest risk for receiving mental health or posttraumatic stress disorder diagnoses compared with veterans 40 years or older.[2]

 

• In 2003, an estimated 56.6 percent of veterans used alcohol in the past month compared with 50.8 percent of comparable nonveterans. An estimated 13.2 percent of veterans reported driving while under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs in the past year compared with 12.2 percent of comparable nonveterans. Daily cigarette use was more common among veterans, with an estimated 18.8 percent smoking cigarettes daily in the past month compared with 14.3 percent of comparable nonveterans.[3]

 

• In 2002/2003, an estimated 1.2 million male veterans were identified as suffering from serious mental illnesses. Approximately 340,000 of these individuals had co-occurring substance abuse disorders. Approximately 209,000 female veterans (13.1 percent) reported serious mental illness, and 25,000 (1.6 percent) reported co-occurring substance use disorder and SMI.[4]

 

 

 

[1] “Veterans Stress Cases Up Sharply,” USA Today, Oct. 18, 2007, HYPERLINK "http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-10-18-veterans-stress_N.htm" http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-10-18-veterans-stress_N.htm

 

[2] K.H. SEAL, ET AL, “BRINGING THE WAR BACK HOME: MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS AMONG 103,788 US VETERANS RETURNING FROM IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN SEEN AT DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS FACILITIES," ARCHIVES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, VOL. 167, NO. 5, MARCH 12, 2007: 476-482.

 

[3] National Survey on Drug Use and Health, “Alcohol Use and Alcohol-Related Risk Behaviors Among Veterans," Nov. 10, 2005, HYPERLINK "http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/vetsAlc/vetsAlc.pdf" http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/vetsAlc/vetsAlc.pdf

 

[4 NATIONAL SURVEY ON DRUG USE AND HEALTH, “MALE USERS WITH CO-OCCURRING SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS AND A SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER," NOV.11, 2004, HYPERLINK "HTTP://WWW.OAS.SAMHSA.GOV/2K4/VETSDUALDX/VETSDUALDX.HTM" \T "_BLANK" HTTP://WWW.OAS.SAMHSA.GOV/2K4/VETSDUALDX/VETSDUALDX.HTM

 

Number of Homeless Veterans and VA Beds by State

 

THE FOLLOWING TABLE SHOWS THE NUMBER OF BEDS FUNDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (VA) HOMELESS PROVIDERS GRANT AND PER DIEM PROGRAM IN EACH STATE COMPARED TO THE ESTIMATED NUMBER OF HOMELESS VETERANS REPORTED IN EACH STATE. THIS INFORMATION WAS TAKEN FROM THE 2006 VA CHALENG REPORT. THE ENTIRE REPORT CAN BE FOUND AT HTTP://WWW1.VA.GOV/HOMELESS/PAGE.CFM?PG=17.

 

PER DIEM FUNDS UNDER THE GRANT AND PER DIEM PROGRAM ARE AWARDED, ON A COMPETITIVE BASIS, TO COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS THAT OFFER SUPPORTIVE HOUSING AND SERVICES TO HOMELESS VETERANS. NOTICES OF FUNDING AVAILABILITY ARE PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER, USUALLY IN THE SPRING. THE PROGRAM FUNDING LEVEL IS DETERMINED INTERNALLY BY THE VA AFTER CONGRESS APPROVES APPROPRIATIONS EACH YEAR. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE VA HOMELESS PROVIDERS GRANT AND PER DIEM PROGRAM, GO TO: HTTP://WWW1.VA.GOV/HOMELESS/PAGE.CFM?PG=3.

 

State

 

Funded

 

Beds

 

Homeless Veterans

 

AK 0 600

 

AL 42 824

 

AR 40 850

 

 

AZ 199 3,970

 

CA 1,875 49,724

 

CO 102 1,203

 

CT 103 5,000

 

DC 43 2,500

 

DE 15 550

 

FL 430 18,910

 

GA 165 3,297

 

HI 118 800

 

IA 56 547

 

ID 10 500

 

IL 136

 

2,197

 

IN 108 1,200

 

KS 47 601

 

KY 115 425

 

LA 150 9,950

 

MA 378 1,700

 

MD 241 3,300

 

ME 0 100

 

MI 139 3,513

 

MN 23 523

 

MO 82 3,325

 

MS 60 1,579

 

MT 17 232

 

NC 182 1,659

 

ND 0 1,000

 

NE 12 770

 

NH 36 257

 

NJ 142 6,500

 

NM 30 860

 

NV 201 4,715

 

NY 274 21,147

 

OH 261 1,710

 

OK 27 500

 

OR 159 5,891

 

PA 332 2,784

 

RI 23 175

 

SC 110 1,375

 

SD 42 170

 

TN 241 2,844

 

TX 233 15,967

 

UT 145 530

 

VA 86 870

 

VT 10 30

 

WA 167 6,800

 

WI 209 828

 

WV 41 347

 

WY 31 98

 

PR 12 80

 

TOTAL 7,700 195,827

 

Examples of what happens to a service member: Figure3.

 

PVT Everclear

 

She tried to kill herself by lying under a five ton, while it was running. She was outside(this was during command maintenance. The whole company was looking at her vehicles. She was not successful in her suicide attempt. This individual worked in supply

 

 

which was not an interactive position frequently.

 

SGT Nirvana

 

This soldier was treated in the psychiatric inpatient unit at Madigan Medical Center. He had a family whom he tried to impose military rules upon. The was discharged with good result.

 

SGT Blue Jeans

 

This soldier served in Panama. He planned to return to civilian life as a carpenter. He failed the army drug and alcohol program and was administratively discharged.

 

SGT Tattoo

 

He served in Korea where he got many tattoos. He attended the army’s drug and alcohol program and then completed his military obligation and was honorably discharged.

 

SGT Longfellow

 

He served in Desert Storm but was discharge afterwards. They said he had a Personality Disorder.

 

Glossary:

 

“Suck it up and drive on”

 

This term, in effect, means that no one is interested in your injuries. You are expected to work injured or not.

 

Administrative Separation

 

This phrase refers to the process of discharging a soldier who has not completed his obligation but has committed no offense or has no medical reason for discharge.

 

References

 

1. NAMI; Mental Illness and Veterans; http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=Mental-Illnesses1&Template+TaggedPage/TaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID+85&ContentID+52918&lstid=274;2007

 

2. National Coaltition for Homeless Veterans; Number of Homeless Veterans and VA Beds by State: http://www.nchv.org/page.cfm?id=81;2005(3)

 

3. Bill Mauldin, StarsandStripes, http://ww2.pstripes.osd.mil/02/mauldin/,2007

 

4. James Japp; Brain Injury and Returning to Employment, A Guide for Practitioners, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2005.

 

5. Phillip Longham, Best Care Anywhere, Poliponint Press, 2007.

 

6. L. Dean Palmer, The Real Lost Generation, Unknown Publisher, Unknown Date, VA.

 

7. BoldArtist,Self Report

A Fluffy's Immigration Story(A Dog's Tail)

by Daniel Vliet on 06/19/13

 “We enlisted the help of the Kurdish people with whom we were working. A few days later, the Kurds brought an underweight German shepherd who obviously had been neglected and abused. The dog was very scared and nervous. The dog was previously in the care of the Iraqi. He had been beaten, and we could see the obvious scars over his face and legs,” Joyce wrote. [4]

 Fluffy was reunited with his best friend Sergeant First Class Joyce. They met in northern Iraq. They met because the unit needs some protection at night, and asked the locals about dogs. Later they got Fluffy, a dog that was mistreated and needed to be nursed back to heath by Joyce. When Joyce left Iraq, fluffy could not go because of paperwork problems, Fluffy was not a official War Dog in the Army system on orders. Joyce feared Fluffy would be put to sleep, a great effort was mounted to bring fluffy back to his new home, and this effort was called “Operation Free Fluffy”. Special arrangement was made for lodging threw other Army and Air force unit, until Fluffy could see America. bring this dog home threw the effort of the War Dog Associations, a group of veteran who lost their best friends, their dogs in combat since Word War One . Only a small number of dogs made it home after Vietnam. This group wanted Fluffy home, for their lost heroes that did not make it home. It is estimated that 3,800 died in Vietnam out 4,000, just because of lack of a long term care plan. To allow more dogs made it home in the Vietnam War, out thousands. Fluffy carries scar from living among the people of Iraq he has scar on his head and limb and is missing teeth. Fluffy had to make a war dog to come back to Joyce to spend the rest of his life with him. It important to note the Government was not enforcing its own laws, Congress passed a law on November .6, 2000 that allowed working dogs to be adopted once the government was done using them. In any case Fluffy arrived home in May 2003, Fluffy since home as been to Washington, Dc, New York, City, .Fluffy is currently enjoying retirement in North Carolina.

 Bibliography

 00] http://www.k9fluffy.com/news.h...

 0] http://www.uswardogs.org/id46....

 1] A mission to reunite Fluffy the war dog with his human

 By LISA HOFFMAN

 Scripps Howard News Service

 May 16, 2003

 2] Iraqi war dog gets to retire with SF handler

 By Staff Sgt. Marcia Triggs

 WASHINGTON (Army News Service, May 20, 2003)

 3] Air Force helps Iraqi dog immigrate

 By Airman 1st Class Stephanie Hammer

 437th Airlift Wing Public Affairs

 6/3/2003

 4] A Soldier’s Tail

 By Audrey Schwartz Rivers

  |         

Faerie Who Hates the Sun

by Daniel Vliet on 10/25/12

Young Women II

by Daniel Vliet on 10/25/12